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Office of the Secretary, DOI
For Release: February 17, 1999
Contact: Stephanie Hanna (O)


Dr. Francis P. McManamon, Chief Archaeologist for the National Park Service and Chief Consulting Archaeologist for the Department of the Interior, announced today that he was ready to proceed with a series of non-destructive examinations of the skeletal remains found in the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, known as Kennewick Man.

Group Photo
(Standing rear l-r) Teresa Militello, Dr. Michael Trimble, Dr. Francis McManamon
(Seated rear l-r) Rhonda Lueck, Dr. Vicki Cassman, Dr. Gary Huckleberry, Laura Phillips, Dr. Julie Stein
(Seated front l-r) Dr. Joseph Powell, Dr. Jerome Rose and Dr. John Fagan

The examinations will be carried out by an expert team of anthropologists and archaeologists identified by Dr. McManamon and approved by the inter-agency team from the Departments of Interior and Justice and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The first and non-destructive phase of the examinations will begin on Thursday, February 25, at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture in Seattle, Washington. The examinations are likely to last several days, and will be overseen by outside curators under the direction of Dr. Michael Trimble, Chief Curator for the Corps of Engineers.

"I am very gratified that we have been able to assemble a team with such a high level of expertise and reputation among their peers who were willing to make time on extremely busy schedules," McManamon said. "We sought a group that would be able to perform separate components of the examinations at the same time, who could work together as a team, and who would ably carry out the investigation procedures agreed upon in advance."

Photo of Catscan machine
A University of Washington medical technician captures data from the Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the cranium of Kennewick Man.

Dr. McManamon presented his "Approach to Documentation, Analysis, Interpretation and Disposition of Human Remains Inadvertently Discovered at Columbia Park, Kennewick, WA" first in consultations with the five Tribes now and historically located in the vicinity of the skeletal remains, then to independent scientists, and finally to the U.S. District Court in Portland in November, 1998. The skeletal remains were moved to the Burke Museum from the Richland, Washington, area in late October, 1998. Since that time, the remains have been removed under direction of the curators from their traveling containers and gradually acclimated and re-housed in a secure curation environment. The more than 300 skeletal fragments are now considered by the curators to be in the best condition for the non-invasive first stage of scientific examinations that will begin next week.

Members of the examination team, headed by Dr. McManamon, include:

Dr. Jerome Rose: Former department chair and now professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville. An expert in dental anthropology and osteology, he has both taught and worked extensively in field projects throughout the United States and in Egypt and Jordan. He served as senior editor of the national standards for osteological analysis published by the Paleopathology Association. He received his doctorate in Dental Anthropology from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst as well as his masters in Physical Anthropology. He is a graduate of the University of Colorado at Boulder with a degree in Anthropology.

Dr. Joseph Powell: Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology and Curator of Human Osteology at the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. Dr. Powell, a physical anthropologist, is an expert in cranial and dental variation and orodental health examinations and has examined most of the North and South American skeletons known 8,000 years or older as well as at numerous prehistoric sites in the American Southwest, Southeast and Midwest, as well as along the Pacific Rim. Dr. Powell received his doctorate in Biological Anthropology from Texas A & M and his masters in Anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin. He is a graduate of Eastern Kentucky University in Richmond with a degree in Anthropology.

Dr. Julie Stein: Professor with the Department of Anthropology and Adjunct Professor with the Quaternary Research Center at the University of Washington in Seattle. She is also Curator of Archaeology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. She is an expert in geoarchaeology, Northwest Coast archaeology and archaeological stratigraphy, sediment and shell analysis. She has also worked on numerous field projects in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and many other locations in the United States, Greece, Peru, Belize and Australia. She received her doctorate and masters in an interdisciplinary program combining archaeology, geology and soil science from the University of Minnesota Center for Ancient Studies in Minneapolis, and graduated from Western Michigan University with a double major in Anthropology and Geology.

Photo of Dr. Fagan
Dr. John Fagan, a lithic expert who led the research on the object imbedded in the Kennewick Man, examines stone points at the Burke Museum of Natural and Cultural History at the University of Washington.

Dr. Gary Huckleberry: Assistant Professor in the Department of Archaeology at Washington State University in Pullman. He is a expert in geoarchaeology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, soil chemistry and western North American archaeology. In addition to his teaching responsibilities, he works in field investigations data analysis and report writing for environmental consulting firms throughout the Southwest. He received his doctorate in Geosciences, soil and water science from the University of Arizona, a Master of Arts in Geography from the University of Wyoming and is a graduate of Northern Arizona University with a degree in Geography.

Dr. John Fagan: President of Archaeological Investigations Northwest, Inc. in Portland, Oregon. Dr. Fagan is an expert in the study of stone tools from archaeological sites and the study of stone tools commonly found throughout the Pacific Northwest, with a wide variety of research and field work in archaeology and ancient lithic technology. He received his doctorate, master's and bachelor's degrees in Anthropology from the University of Oregon in Eugene.

Dr. Francis McManamon: Chief Archaeologist of the National Park Service and Departmental Consulting Archaeologist responsible for carrying out the implementation of several statutes, such as the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990, assigned to the Secretary of the Interior. He has considerable expertise in the protection of archaeological resources, collections and records as well as significant archaeological activities and discoveries on federal lands. He holds a doctorate and master's degrees in Anthropology from the State University of New York at Binghampton and graduated from Colgate University with a bachelor's in Anthropology.

Kennewick Man