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Legislative Landmarks

Concern about endangered archeological places led to two important milestones: the Antiquities Act of 1906 and the Organic Act of 1916. The Antiquities Act empowered the President to set aside historic and scientific places as national monuments. The Organic Act created the National Park Service. It charged the NPS to conserve natural and historical places, provide for their enjoyment, and leave them unimpaired for future generations. The NPS became steward of 14 national parks, 21 national monuments, and a reservation. Among them were Casa Grande, Mesa Verde, and national monuments transferred from the Forest Service. view slideshow >>

Both acts reflected belief in the public benefit of setting aside lands for all Americans.<< back or

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