|Plan Your Visit 公园游览计划||Directions 交通路线||Fees 票|
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Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park 夏威夷火山国家公园
Experience the heartbeat of a volcanic landscape 体验让人心潮澎湃的火山景观及地貌
Volcanoes are monuments to earth's origin, evidence that its primordial forces are still at work. during a volcanic eruption, we are reminded that our planet is an ever-changing environment whose basic processes are beyond human control. As much as we have altered the face of the earth to suit our needs, we can only stand in awe before the power of an eruption.
Plan your visit 公园游览计划
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is a fascinating world of active volcanism, biological diversity, and Hawaiian culture, past and present.
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is easily visited by car in just a few hours or may be explored in more depth over several days. Here are some recommendations when planning your visit to the park:
3 to 4 hour visit? 1-4个小时游览
If you have only three to four hours, explore the summit of Kīlauea volcano via crater rim drive; a six mile drive that leads you through steaming vents and rain forest, with stops along the way.
如果您只有3-4个小时，建议您沿基拉韦厄火山口环线公路游览, 沿“火山口环线公路” 驾车6英里沿途经过“地热蒸汽观赏点”、热带雨林等不同景观。
Start your visit at the Kīlauea Visitor Center located just beyond the park's entrance station. The park is open 24 hours a day year round. Kīlauea Visitor Center is open daily from 7:45 a.m. to 5:00 pm. Here, you will receive the latest information on trails, ranger-led activities, road conditions, and safety precautions. Because of the dynamic nature of the two active volcanoes, in the park, conditions can change rapidly. "Born of Fire, Born of the Sea" is the featured 25 minute film that is shown in the Kīlauea Visitor Center on the hour throughout the day, starting at 9:00 a.m. with the last film shown at 4:00p.m. check at the desk for current availability of "sound sticks" that have the soundtrack in your language. Twice a day at 11:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m., the 1959 eruption of Kīlauea Iki is featured in the auditorium. It is highly recommended viewing, especially if you are planning on hiking Kīlauea Iki.
Stop 2 游览第二站Jaggar Museum 贾格尔博物馆
Your next stop on the Crater Rim Drive tour will be Jaggar Museum. This is one of the busiest locations in the park. Be careful when parking. Look out for nene, the endangered Hawaiian goose. The museum is currently open from 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. daily. Hours are subject change due to visitation and volcanic activity.
The Thomas A. Jaggar Museum is a museum on volcanology with displays of equipment used by scientists in the past to study the volcano, working seismographs, and an exhibit of clothing and gear from scientists who got a bit too close to lava. There is also a gift shop with books, videos, cds, maps and other special items for sale.
The museum has large windows which affords a sheltered view of the caldera and main crater, Halemaʻumaʻu, when weather is inclement. The overlook outside the building offers an incredible view of the volcano with interpretive displays about Kīlauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes.
The US Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is adjoining the Jaggar Museum. It is not open to the public.
Stop 3 游览第三站 Kilauea overlook 基拉韦厄观景台
The Kīlauea overlook is located on the left side of the road, approximately .7 miles from steaming bluffs. The road sign indicates that is a picnic area. Which it is, but it is also a splendid overlook of the Kīlauea caldera and Halemaʻumaʻu crater. The view here is similar to that found at the Jaggar Museum, but is usually much less crowded. And, it is a nice place for a picnic.
The view of Kīlauea caldera from this overlook is spectacular. the caldera(a very large crater formed by collapse) is about 2 miles wide and more than 3 miles long. The highest point on the caldera's edge is near Kīlauea overlook. Halemaʻumaʻu, the main pit crater within Kīlauea caldera, is very visible from this point.
Stop 4 游览第四站
After leaving Kīlauea visitor center, 0.8 mile ahead on the left is steam vents,. Ground water seeps down to the hot volcanic rocks in this area and returns to the surface as steam. While standing at the steam vents, take a good look around. The area between the caldera's edge and outer cliffs of Kīlauea caldera is treeless plain. The ground just a few feet down is so hot and tree roots can not survive. But shallow-rooted grasses and plants grow here.
Steaming bluff 蒸汽崖
Visitors may enjoy the short walk on a trail leading from the steam vents parking area to steaming bluff, on the caldera's edge. The area is a grassy meadow with ground cracks and steaming concentrated in fractures along the caldera's edge.
Sulphur Banks 硫磺山
Across the street from steaming bluff and the steam vent parking area is the trailhead to sulphur banks. Redesigned in 2005, this area is now wheelchair accessible along a paved path and boardwalk. At sulphur banks (Ha'a Kulamanu), volcanic gases seep out of the ground along with groundwater steam. These gases are rich in carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide-the gas that smells like rotten eggs. Some sulfur gases deposit pure crystals at sulphur bank. Other sulfur gases from sulfuric acid which breaks down the lava to clay. This clay is stained red and brown with iron oxide. Visitors with heart or respiratory problems(such as asthma),pregnant women, infants, or young children should avoid this walk.
Stop 5 游览第五站
Kīlauea Iki overlook小基拉韦厄火山口观景台
Continuing along crater rim drive you come to Kīlauea Iki overlook. Alternately, the driver could drive to the overlook and the rest of the party could walk a 1/2 mile section of the crater rim trail to the overlook. This is also an option when the Thurston Lava Tube parking area is full.
Kīlauea Iki looks fairly tranquil these days. But in 1959 it was a seething lava lake, with lava fountains up to 1,900 feet. From up here it is difficult to comprehend the scale of Kīlauea Iki. The crater is a mile long, 3,000 feet across, and the floor is 400 feet below the overlook.
This is the trailhead for the 4 miles loop hike around Kīlauea Iki.
Stop 6 游览第六站
Thurston Lava Tube 瑟斯顿火山溶洞
As you drive the 1/2 mile from the Kīlauea Iki overlook, the forest becomes increasingly lush. Soon you arrive at the Thurston Lava Tube.
A 20 minute 1/3 mile walk through a tree fern forest and a lighted prehistoric cave like lava tube awaits you. This is an excellent place to stop and listen to the birds. Watch carefully and you may see the red apapane feeding among the equally red ohi'a blossoms.
This lava tube was discovered in 1913 by Lorrin Thurston, a local newspaper publisher. At that time the roof of the tube was covered with lava stalactites, but those soon disappeared to souvenir collectors.
As you walk through the tube consider that several hundred years ago a river of red lava rushed through. And that lava currently travels from Puʻu ʻŌʻō to the ocean in labyrinth of lava tubes much like the tube you are walking through. Watch your head in the tube- there are some spots with low ceiling!
More than four hours? 多于四个小时的游览？
If you have more than 4 hours, you may also explore the east rift and coastal area of the park via Chain of Craters Road. this road descends 3700 feet in 20 miles and ends for vehicular traffic at the emergency access road.
Visit the Pu'u loa petroglyphs, a .7 mile hike from the road. Puʻu loa, translated as the "long hill" or " Hill of long life" from Hawaiian, is a place considered sacred to the people of Hawaii, and those of Kalapana in particular.
普呜罗亚岩石刻画区（Pu'u Loa），需步行一条0.7 英里的徒步小径。夏威夷语普呜罗亚翻译为"长山"或"长寿命的山"，对于夏威夷人特别是当地卡拉帕那人来说，是一个神圣的地方。
Located in the ahupua (an ancient Hawaiian land division) of panau nui on the southern flank of Kilauea volcano, pu'u loa is the name of the site which contains a vast area covered with incredible numbers of pecked images in the harden lava, images known as petroglyphs. The archaeological site of pu'u loa contains over 23000 petroglyph images; motifs containing cupules or holes (84% of the total), motifs of circles, other geometric as well as cryptic designs, human representations known as anthropomorphs, canoe sails, and even feathered cape motifs.
Lava flow activity is always changing. Check at the Kīlauea visitor center for the most current information. No food, water or fuel is available along the Chain of Craters Road.
Explore the park by foot 徒步游览公园
Hikers will find an abundance of trails to satisfy their curiosity. Day hikes and wilderness hikes offer great adventures for visitors who wish to explore beyond the roadways。
One of the most popular hikes is Kīlauea Iki, descend 400 feet through native rain forest into a crater and hike across a hardened lava lake still steaming from the 1959 eruption. Park at the Kīlauea Iki overlook to begin your 2-3 hour hike with a spectacular view. (4miles/6.4 km loop trail).