Kīlauea Volcano Eruption Update

Current Conditions
Courtesy of USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory


Friday, June 2, 2023, 9:10 AM HST
A steaming caldera in a distance.
There is no active lava or night glow visible in Hawaiʻi at this time.

NPS Photo/J.Wei

Activity Summary: Kīlauea volcano is not erupting. Kīlauea summit is currently exhibiting signs of heightened unrest. Summit seismicity remains elevated. No unusual activity has been noted along Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone or Southwest Rift Zone.

Halemaʻumaʻu Lava Lake Observations: No active lava has been observed over the past day. A live-stream video of the crater is available at https://www.youtube.com/usgs/live.

Summit Observations: Elevated seismicity continues at Kīlauea’s summit. Daily rates have been variable, but over the past several months, both deformation and seismicity have been elevated beyond observations preceding the January 5, 2023 summit eruption. Tiltmeters over the past day show slight deflationary tilt, but the summit remains in an inflated state. Over the past 24 hours, 62 earthquakes were located beneath Kīlauea summit. Most of the earthquakes have been smaller than magnitude-2 and not reported felt. The most recent sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rate of approximately 120 tonnes per day was measured on May 26, 2023.

Crater walls expose a clear sequence of red lava flows and cinder that built the cone in the early 1980s.
Puʻuʻōʻō crater collapsed in 2018 marking the end of its eruptive phase.

Photo courtesy of USGS

Rift Zone Observations: No unusual activity has been noted along the East Rift Zone or Southwest Rift Zone; steady rates of ground deformation and seismicity continue along both. Measurements from continuous gas monitoring stations in the middle East Rift Zone—the site of 1983–2018 eruptive activity—remain below detection limits for SO2.

Hazard Analysis: Significant hazards around Kīlauea caldera include Halemaʻumaʻu crater wall instability, ground cracking, and rockfalls that can be enhanced by earthquakes within the area closed to the public. This underscores the extremely hazardous nature of the rim surrounding Halemaʻumaʻu crater, an area that has been closed to the public since early 2008. 

For discussion of Kīlauea hazards, please see https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/hazards.

Please see the Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park website for visitor information: https://www.nps.gov/havo/index.htm. Visitors to Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park should note that under southerly (non-trade) wind conditions, there is potential for a dusting of powdery to gritty ash composed of volcanic glass and rock fragments. These represent a minor hazard, but visitors should be aware that such dustings at areas around the Kīlauea summit are possible. 

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea volcano.

HVO will continue to issue daily Kīlauea volcano updates until further notice. Additional messages will be issued as needed.

A volcanic cinder cone emitting steam.

Get a live look inside the park, courtesy of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park map highlighting areas affected by sulfur dioxide and particulates.
Air Quality

Hazardous volcanic gasses can present a danger to sensitive groups of people. Frequently check the air quality during your visit.

Molten lava spraying out of a fissure

Learn about some of the previous eruptions of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa


Last updated: June 2, 2023

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