‘Ākulikuli or Sesuvium portulacastrum
‘Ākulikuli or Sesuvium portulacastrum has succulent leaves adapted to survive drought conditions and brave the salt spray of Hawai‘i beach life.


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This curriculum will introduce students and their families to the marine, coastal, rain forest, invasive species and alpine-aeolian ecosystems of Haleakalā National Park.

Each module (marine, coastal, rain forest, invasive species and alpine-aeolian) contains five units exploring different characteristics and components of the ecosystem.

Each activity is correlated to the State of Hawai'i high school science educational standards, offering educators a way to fulfill educational requirements using local ecosystems and issues as a context.

There are multiple classroom activities in each unit that can be used to supplement existing lesson plans.

Increased literacy in science and current issues will benefit students, their communities and National Parks service-wide, because invasive alien species are not unique to Hawai'i.

Includes background information, resources, teaching suggestions, and hands-on activities.

These materials help bring science home for students while fostering a strong science background and critical-thinking skills.

Teachers of all grades are welcomed to use this curriculum for their own enrichment and as an educational tool to enrich lessons plans.

Additional Resources

Hō'ike o Haleakalā website: http://www.hoikecurriculum.org/

Online native Hawaiian plant website: http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu

Online Hawaiian forest bird website: http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/consrvhi/forestbirds/

Online Hawaiian Dictionary: http://wehewehe.org/


Agriculture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Astronomy, Biology: Animals, Biology: Plants, Botany, Chemistry, Civic Engagement, Climate, Climate Change, Conservation, Earth Science, Ecology, Environment, Geography, Geology, Historic Preservation, History, Landscapes, Marine Biology, Meteorology, Oceanography, Physical Science, Public Policy, Reading, Social Studies, Space Science, Tectonics, Textiles, Volcanoes, Wildlife Biology, Wildlife Management, Writing
National/State Standards:
Based on Hawaii State Department of Education standards

Last updated: February 28, 2015