Article Written by
Park Ranger Michael Kusch
Welcome to Fort Stanwix, New York!
How does this sound to you? How do you think people would react to this name? What would you think if you were told that the community and the county were at one time called Fort Stanwix? During the initial planning process to develop events and activities for the 75th birthday of Fort Stanwix National Monument, a series of articles was suggested to explore the relationship between the community of Rome and Fort Stanwix. One of the topics was to determine if the people of Rome ever considered renaming the city Fort Stanwix. The evidence that exists regarding a name change is scant, and if there was a proposal there does not seem to be sufficient evidence that demonstrates support for the name change. However, the name Fort Stanwix remains inseparable from the City of Rome.
After the American Revolutionary War, the early community that began to grow next to the fort was commonly referred to as Fort Stanwix. In fact, there are references to an informal name for the county the community was in: Fort Stanwix County. When Whitestown was created in 1788, it was nicknamed the "Mother of Towns," since it included Fort Stanwix and other communities within its boundaries. In 1792, Whitestown was divided to create the Town of Steuben, which was subsequently divided in 1796 to create the Town of Rome. It was not until 1796 that a formal name was given to the community growing next to Fort Stanwix. After Dominick Lynch purchased land next to the fort in the town of Rome, he hired William Weston to survey and map the land. On the village map that Mr.Weston drew in 1796, there appears a street grid, as well as a village named Lynchville. By 1798, Oneida County was formed from land carved out of Herkimer County, and at that point all references to Fort Stanwix County ends.
While reading through historical documents, I learned that that there was either confusion about what the village's name was or there was an adjustment period during which people learned the new name. Within the historic documents there are references to the village’s name, Lynchville, followed by Fort Stanwix in parentheses. Thus, there are references to "Lynchville (Fort Stanwix)." However, once the village started to be called Rome, the reference to being known as Fort Stanwix ends.
The story does not end at this point. Although the name of the community was not changed back to Fort Stanwix, the people of Rome continued to remember Fort Stanwix by naming businesses, organizations, a street and a park after the fort. For example, businesses such as the Fort Stanwix Bank and Fort Stanwix Canning Company took on the fort’s name. There was also the Fort Stanwix Club, Stanwix Street and Fort Stanwix Park. Without any doubt, anyone who read about or visited Rome would know that Fort Stanwix was here.
The community was also known for an important celebration that was held in the city every year. For over one hundred years the community held this celebration each August, a celebration during which the community celebrated its heritage and history with parades, concerts, pageants, picnics and more. The celebration was known as Fort Stanwix Days. The largest Fort Stanwix Days celebration took place in 1927, with other large celebrations in 1976 and 1977. These events celebrated the 150th and 200th anniversaries of the fort’s siege in 1777, and the nation’s bicentennial in 1976. These celebrations continue to this day, but by a different name: Honor America Days. Besides the parade, the Honor America Days concert has become the largest event of the celebration and takes place on the grounds of Fort Stanwix National Monument. Rooted in history and a sense of civic pride, the celebration has come full circle.
Will the people of Rome ever consider renaming the city Fort Stanwix? It is unlikely to occur and I am not suggesting it should happen. But, can you imagine the questions we would receive if we said we were from Fort Stanwix, New York? Thank you, Rome, for remembering Fort Stanwix and join us this year in celebrating the national monument’s 75th birthday.
"What's in a name?..."
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So...What is in a Name? Why Fort Stanwix and not Fort Schuyler?
What is known is that the people of Lynchville, later Rome, called the fort, Fort Stanwix. However, the name was not resolved within the state as a whole. As reported by the Rome Sentinel on August 6, 1927, Judge W. W. Campbell of Cherry Valley chaired a meeting with a "Committee of Invitation," on August 7, 1877, with the stated task of answering the question of what the name of the fort should be. Based upon what was written by Colonel Peter Gansevoort, the commander of the fort during its 1777 siege, and his second in command Lieutenant Colonel Marinus Willett, as well as the original names of the community and county of Fort Stanwix, the names of business, organizations and locations within the Town of Rome, and the preference of the community, the committee decided that the fort should be known as Fort Stanwix. Since that decision was made, the fort has since always been known as Fort Stanwix.