Fort Stanwix was originally built by the British in 1758 during the Seven Years’ War, also known as the French and Indian War. British soldiers occupied the fort to help maintain their claim over this area and defend their allied relationships with American Indians and the established trade routes between the Atlantic Coast and the Western Great Lakes. This plate is unique to the time period of the British occupation and was discovered by NPS archeologists during the 1970s excavation of the fort.
This white salt-glazed stoneware plate was press molded with several unique design features along the rim, including an eagle, cannon, and geometric scroll along the rim of the plate. There are also letters that read: KING OF ---SSIA.
This is a King of Prussia plate, made during the mid-18th century to commemorate the military victories of King Frederick II (1712-1786) (Hume 1970: 408). The King of Prussia, also known as Frederick the Great, enjoyed the alliance of Great Britain during his military campaigns and was personally tied to the royal British family as the biological grandson of King George II (see Frederick II for more biographic information). As political and military allies, it is not surprising to see support for Prussia at British Fort Stanwix.