Lesson Plan

The French and Indian War 1754-1763: Unit 5 – How Did the Conflict End?

Map of North America 1763
A 1763 Map of North America

New York Public Library ID483703

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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade-Sixth Grade
American Indian History and Culture, Colonial History, French and Indian War
1 1/2 hours
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
National History Standards: K-4 Topic 2: 3A, 3B, 3D, 3E; K-4 Topic 3: 5A; US Era 2: 1B; World Era 6: 4A


“How Did the Conflict End?” Unit 5 of the Teacher’s Education Kit “The French and Indian War: 1754-1763” has the students study the Treaty of Paris and the outcomes of the French and Indian War, including Pontiac’s rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763.

“The French and Indian War 1754-1763” is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background.


Guiding Question: How did the French and Indian War end? How did it spark Pontiac's War? What were the consequences of the Royal Proclamation of 1763?


Critical Content: The Treaty of Paris which ended the French and Indian War changed the balance of power in North America. This led to changes in the American Indian trade policy and to settlers moving across the Allegheny Mountains. Many American Indians united under Pontiac to fight the British as a result of these changes. Policy makers in Great Britain were astonished at the number of American Indian victories and decided to make a new policy, issuing the Proclamation of 1763.


Student Objectives: Students will…

·        Identity three locations in North America that changed hands as a result of the Treaty of Paris

·        List one thing the American Indians thought about the Proclamation Line of 1763

·        List one thing the American colonist thought about the Proclamation Line of 1763 


This unit includes one lesson plan:

·        "Making Peace" has student learn about the consequences of the Treaty of Paris, including all the land that changed hands, the changing of American Indian trade policy causing Pontiac's War, and Royal Proclamation of 1763. The students look at these events from the three sides; the British, the French and the American Indians.

The "French and Indian War 1754-1763" Teacher's Education Kit is targeted for 4th-6th grade students. It is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background section. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 – 6 chronologically follow the war from start to finish, including how the war set the stage for the American Revolution. There are two lessons that feature George Washington. Each unit has one or more lesson plans. Unit 7 has 27 biography cards of people involved in the French and Indian War. There are nine American Indian biographies, nine French biographies and nine British biographies. Unit 8 provides information on primary documents and artifacts that are featured on the biography cards. Also included is a color map and information on French and Indian War historical sites in western Pennsylvania.

Check out the Teacher Background and other units:


Teacher Background

Unit 1: Who Were the People Involved?

Unit 2: What Were they fighting For?

Unit 3: How Did the Conflict Begin?

Unit 4: How did the War Progress?

Unit 5: How Did the Conflict End? What Were the Consequences?

Unit 6: How Did the French and Indian War Set the Stage for the American Revolution?

Unit 7: Biography Cards

Unit 8: Primary Documents and Artifacts 


This curriculum is available to teachers free of charge in as a printed three ring binder or on CD. Please email the staff if you are interested in receiving the curriculum in one of these formats.



After downloading the lesson plan (using the button next to the title) use these materials to help teach the unit.


Park Connections

Fort Necessity was the opening battle of the French and Indian War.  At the end of this conflict the French were defeated and lost most of their land in North America. The changes caused shifts for all the participants; the French the British and the American Indians.


Additional Resources

Historic Sites Information


Acknowledgement and Introduction