Lesson Plan

The French and Indian War 1754-1763: Unit 1 – Who Were the People Involved?

British soldier, American Indian warrior and French soldier
Three cultures came into confict at Fort Necessity

Don Troiani, www.historicalprints.com

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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade-Sixth Grade
American Indian History and Culture, Colonial History, French and Indian War, Geography
1 hour
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
National History Standards: K-4 Topic 2: 3A, 3B, 3D; K-4 Topic 3: 5A; US Era 2: 1B


“Who Were the People Involved?” Unit 1 of the Teacher’s Education Kit “The French and Indian War: 1754-1763” has the students learn where the French and British colonies were located and the location of the disputed land where many American Indian nations lived.  The unit has two lessons with a mapping activity and research activity.

“The French and Indian War 1754-1763” is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background.


Guiding Question: Where were the British colonies? Where were the French colonies? Which land was disputed by the French and British? What was life like for the American Indian nations living in the Ohio River Valley in the 1750s?


Critical Content: By the 1750s both the French and the British had well established colonies in North America. However, there was a large area of disputed land that both sides claimed, but neither side had developed. This included the Ohio River Valley where many American Indian nations lived.


Student Objectives: Students will…

·        Map the location of the British colonies

·        Map the location of the French colony

·        Identify the disputed land

·        List three facts about the American Indians living in the Ohio River Valley


This unit includes two lesson plans:

·        "The Forks of the Ohio" where students map the British and French colonies and identify the disputed area

·        "A Much Clearer Picture" familiarizes the students with lifestyle of the American Indian nations living the Ohio River Valley


The "French and Indian War 1754-1763" Teacher's Education Kit is targeted for 4th-6th grade students. It is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background section. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 – 6 chronologically follow the war from start to finish, including how the war set the stage for the American Revolution. There are two lessons that feature George Washington. Each unit has one or more lesson plans. Unit 7 has 27 biography cards of people involved in the French and Indian War. There are nine American Indian biographies, nine French biographies and nine British biographies. Unit 8 provides information on primary documents and artifacts that are featured on the biography cards. Also included is a color map and information on French and Indian War historical sites in western Pennsylvania.


Check out the Teacher Background and other units:


Teacher Background

Unit 1: Who Were the People Involved?

Unit 2: What Were they fighting For?

Unit 3: How Did the Conflict Begin?

Unit 4: How did the War Progress?

Unit 5: How Did the Conflict End? What Were the Consequences?

Unit 6: How Did the French and Indian War Set the Stage for the American Revolution?

Unit 7: Biography Cards

Unit 8: Primary Documents and Artifacts 


This curriculum is available to teachers free of charge in as a printed three ring binder or on CD. Please email the staff if you are interested in receiving the curriculum in one of these formats.



After downloading the lesson plans (using the button next to the title) use these resources to help teach the unit.


Park Connections

Fort Necessity was the opening battle of the French and Indian War. This was the result of years of escalating tensions between the French and British over the disputed land in the Ohio River Valley. This unit helps students understand the geographical situation in colonial North America.


Additional Resources

Historic Sites Information 


Acknowledgement and Introduction