Fire Island Wilderness

View of sand trail and dune vegetation on Fire Island.

New York's Only Federally Designated Wilderness

The Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness contains a variety of barrier island ecosystems in a relatively natural condition. It is the only federally designated wilderness in the State of New York, and is just a short drive or train ride from New York City.

At 1,380 acres, it is also one of the smallest wilderness areas managed by the National Park Service.

Visit the Wilderness Visitor Center and learn more.


Experience Wilderness

In the wilderness, you can be free to explore, to discover a natural barrier island ecosystem, to savor the solitude. The Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness offers a barrier island experience like no other.

Be sure to properly prepare for your wilderness experience. There are no venomous snakes on Fire Island to be concerned about, but you're very likely to encounter dense thickets of catbriar and poison ivy, and in warmer weather, vast numbers of salt marsh mosquitoes and ticks. Wearing light-colored clothing and a wide-brimmed hat helps detect ticks and provides protection from the sun. Always be aware of changing weather conditions, tide and ocean conditions and rip currents, and your response to the heat or cold. For your safety, never swim alone.

From March 15 through Labor Day, pets are not permitted in the Fire Island Wilderness area or on the beach in front of the wilderness.


Wilderness Designation

The Wilderness Act (Public Law 88-577) was signed into law on September 3, 1964. In 1975, what became known as the "Eastern Wilderness Areas Act" (Public Law 96-622) provided for the addition of areas that had been severely modified, including the authority to condemn and remove structures, to create designated wilderness in the East.

The Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness Act, Public Law 96-585, December 23, 1980, designated approximately 1,363 acres as wilderness in Fire Island National Seashore, and identified 18 more acres as potential wilderness additions.

In October 1999, a Federal Register notice announced that 17 acres of potential wilderness by that time fully complied with wilderness standards, and were officially designated as wilderness.

Approximately 1 acre of potential wilderness exists within the boundaries of Fire Island National Seashore: the nature trail at Smith Point, which runs behind the dunes for about ½ mile from the Wilderness Visitor Center to the ocean beach; and the area of Old Inlet.

Learn More

1964-2014 Wilderness Act 50th Anniversary logo

The Wilderness Act was signed into law on September 3, 1964, just a week before the establishment of Fire Island National Seashore. Watch: Three poets from New York City discover Fire Island Wilderness.


Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

120 Laurel Street
Patchogue, NY 11772


(631) 687-4750
Monday through Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm. Closed on federal holidays.

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