• In 1890, fifty-two Indians signed a petition to Congress asking for one million dollars as reparation for the loss of Yosemite as a homeland. The Secretary of the Interior opposed the petition.
  • In 1891, federal cavalry troops under the command of Captain A. E. Wood were sent to the newly created Yosemite National Park from the Presidio of San Francisco to map, patrol, and administer the park. Cavalry troops returned to the park each spring through fall until 1913.
  • In 1898, Archie Leonard was hired as the first civilian ranger.
  • On April 28, 1899,the Buffalo Soldiers of Company “H” of the 24th Infantry arrived in Yosemite National Park, and remained until June 17th. At the same time, another detachment of the 24th was on patrol in Sequoia and General Grant national parks.


Image credit: 24th Negro Infantry, Co. H  “Buffalo Soldiers” were one of the Calvary units protecting Yosemite (Celia Crocker Thompson, 1899)