Lesson Plan

Push and Pull Factors I

Worksheet about push and pull factors using a t-chart.
Explore various push and pull factors that impacted immigrants a century ago and today.

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Grade Level:
Eighth Grade-Twelfth Grade
History, Social Studies
45 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
New York State Learning Standards:
Standard 1: 1A
Standard 2: 1A, 1E
Standard 3: 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D
Standard 5: 1A, 1C, 1D


In the mid-to-late 1800s, large number of immigrants crossed the Atlantic Ocean to begin new lives in the United States. This activity explores the reasons why immigrants elected to leave their native countries, and examines how these factors are similar or different in immigration today.


At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • Identify reasons why immigrants in the early 20th century and today left their countries and came to the U.S.
  • Compare and contrast immigration issues throughout history.
  • Think about their own potential immigration and the reasons behind that decision.
  • Answer and discuss questions about immigration in terms of their own community.
  • Explain immigration in terms of push and pull factors.
  • Relate immigration patterns to economic, political, social, and environmental factors.
  • Research an individual who has migrated to their community and write a report about the person's background and motivation for moving into the community.


  • Pen
  • Paper
  • Push and Pull Worksheets (pages 3, 4, and 5 of the downloadable PDF)



Push Factors
Pull Factors
Economic Factors
Political Factors
Social Factors
Environmental Factors