- The Rehabilitation Act - The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 ensures access to programs and activities that are federally funded. It also protects the rights of Federal employees with disabilities. Federal agencies are responsible for enforcing requirements as they apply to their own programs, services, and employment practices. The law also requires electronic and information technology procured by Federal agencies to be accessible according to standards issued by the Access Board.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
- 28 CFR Part 36 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in Commercial Facilities
- 43 CFR Part 17 - Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs of the Department of the Interior - Subpart B - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap
- Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards (Section 508) (2000)
- Section 504 - Subpart E - Enforcement of Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Programs or Activities Conducted by the Department of Interior (pdf)
- Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines (1998)
- Section 504 - Subpart E - Enforcement of Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Programs or Activities Conducted by Dept of Interior (pdf)
- Fair Housing Act Design Manual - A Manual to Assist Designers and Builders in Meeting the Accessibility Requirements of The Fair Housing Act
Management Policies 2006 - The Guide to Managing the National Park System
- Chapter 1 The Foundation
- Chapter 5 Cultural Resource Management
- Chapter 6 Wilderness Preservation and Management
- Chapter 7 Interpretation and Education
- Chapter 8 Use of the Parks
- Chapter 9 Park Facilities
- 9.1.1 Facility Planning and Design
- 9.1.2 Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities
- 9.2 Transportation Systems and Alternative Transportation
- 9.2.2 Trails and Walks
- 220.127.116.11 Equestrian Trails
- 9.3 Visitor Facilities
- 9.3.1 Informational and Interpretive Facilities
- 18.104.22.168 Visitor Centers
- 9.3.2 Overnight Accommodations and Food Services
- 9.3.3 Comfort Stations
- 9.4 Management Facilities
- Chapter 10 Commercial Visitor Services
Director's Orders (DOs)
- DO 2: Park Planning, Chapter 2 of Management Policies, Park System Planning, and Planner's Source Book
- DO 16A: Reasonable Accommodation for Applicants and Employees with Disabilities
- DO 42: Accessibility for Park Visitors
The 7 Principles of Universal Design
- Equitable Use - The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
- Provide the same means of use for all users: identical whenever possible; equivalent when not.
- Avoid segregating or stigmatizing any users.
- Provisions for privacy, security, and safety should be equally available to all users.
- Make the design appealing to all users.
- Flexibility in Use - The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
- Provide choice in methods of use.
- Accommodate right- or left-handed access and use.
- Facilitate the user's accuracy and precision.
- Provide adaptability to the user's pace.
- Simple and Intuitive Use - Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
- Eliminate unnecessary complexity.
- Be consistent with user expectations and intuition.
- Accommodate a wide range of literacy and language skills.
- Arrange information consistent with its importance.
- Provide effective prompting and feedback during and after task completion.
- Perceptible Information - The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.
- Use different modes (pictorial, verbal, tactile) for redundant presentation of essential information.
- Provide adequate contrast between essential information and its surroundings.
- Maximize "legibility" of essential information
- Differentiate elements in ways that can be described (i.e., make it easy to give instructions or directions).
- Provide compatibility with a variety of techniques or devices used by people with sensory limitations.
- Tolerance for Error - The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
- Arrange elements to minimize hazards and errors: most used elements, most accessible; hazardous elements eliminated, isolated, or shielded.
- Provide warnings of hazards and errors.
- Provide fail safe features.
- Discourage unconscious action in tasks that require vigilance.
- Low Physical Effort - The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
- Allow user to maintain a neutral body position.
- Use reasonable operating forces.
- Minimize repetitive actions.
- Minimize sustained physical effort.
- Size and Space for Approach and Use - Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user's body size, posture or mobility.
- Provide a clear line of sight to important elements for any seated or standing user.
- Make reach to all components comfortable for any seated or standing user.
- Accommodate variations in hand and grip size.
- Provide adequate space for the use of assistive devices or personal assistance.
Specific Universal Design requirements for all projects:
- Pedestrian Routes - Project is designed so that all users follow the same routes through the facility and site.
- Entrances to Newly Constructed Facilities - Project is designed so the primary entrances (visitor and employee) of newly constructed facilities do not have steps. Staired secondary routes are included on sloped sites.
- Entrances to Facilities
- Project is designed to provide a covered entry and roof drains away from entry walk and entrance.
- Distance from drop-off and closest accessible parking space (car and RV/Bus) to accessible entrance of all accessible buildings is 200' or less.
- Doors - Visitor use buildings provide power assist door openers on main accessible entrances. Doors on accessible routes use lever or push hardware.
- Accessible Route Design Standards
- NPS Universal Design and Accessibility Scoping Form for ABAAS Facilities
- NPS Universal Design and Accessibility Scoping Form for ABAAS Outdoor Recreation Facilities
Harper's Ferry Center (HFC) Programmatic Accessibility Requirements
These guidelines are required to be followed for interpretive media and exhibits included in DSC projects.
- Programmatic Accessibility Guidelines for National Park Service Interpretive Media (pdf)
- Media Accessibility Information
Center for Universal Design Technical Guidance
- Section Through Pipe Protection Panel (34" Counter Height) (Tech Sheet 1.04.1) (pdf)
- Section Through Pipe Protection Panel (32" Counter Height) (Tech Sheet 1.04.2) (pdf)
- Threshold: Recessed Into Subfloor (Tech Sheet 2.09.1) (pdf)
- Roll-In Shower: Wood Frame Construction (Tech Sheet 1.03.2) (pdf)
- Roll-In Shower: Slab on Grade Construction (Tech Sheet 1.03.3) (pdf)
- Curbless Showers: An Installation Guide (pdf)
- Wood Ramp Design: How to Add a Ramp (pdf)
- QAP Tech Sheet: Bathrooms for Multifamily Housing (pdf)
- Affordable and Universal Homes: A Plan Book (pdf)
- Workspace layout
- Proper Grips
- Principles Of Universal Design Poster (pdf)
- Principles of Universal Design Quick-Reference
Universal Design Research