Crayfish vs Newts

The Mazama Newt likely inhabited the entire lake shoreline since they colonized the lake as early as 6,000 years ago.

  • The figure below shows that the Mazama Newt only occupies 50% of the habitat with crayfish inhabiting the other 50%.
  • There are very few sites with both crayfish and newts.
  • Crayfish were introduced to the lake by humans in 1914 for fish food.
  • Studies with newts and crayfish in tanks show that crayfish will kill newts and/or force then to flee to other areas.

Locations of newts and crayfish in Crater Lake.
Locations of Mazama Newts and crayfish in Crater Lake.


food availability with and without crayfish
Experiments show that where crayfish are located in Crater Lake the number of aquatic insects is reduced.  The left (blue) bar shows the number of insects with no crayfish.  The right (red) bar shows insect numbers with crayfish present.  Both crayfish and newts depend upon insects for food.


Last updated: February 28, 2015

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

Crater Lake National Park
PO Box 7

Crater Lake, OR 97604


(541) 594-3000

Contact Us