Battle of Cowpens and Weather
- Grade Level:
- Second Grade
- Language Arts, Revolutionary War, Science History, Social Studies
- Group Size:
- Up to 24
- National/State Standards:
- North Carolina Science Essential Standars: 2.E.1.2; 2.E.1.3
North Carolina ELA Common Core: RI 2.1
OverviewStudents will review background knowledge regarding the 4 seasons by playing a 4 corners game. Then they will examine how the winter season and local weather impacted the Battle of Cowpens. Students will finish this activitye by working on a guided reading comprehension activity on winter.
Part 1: 4 Corners Game
Designate 4 corners of a room or 4 areas with each of the 4 seasons - spring, summer, fall, and winter. Read aloud these statements and let the children go to the appropriate seasonal area. Go over the correct answers after each statement. Correct answers are written in parentheses.
1. The trees may have no leaves. (Winter)
2. You may need a jacket. (Fall or Spring)
3. The best time to play in the snow. (Winter)
4. You may see snowmen. (Winter)
5. Long, sunny days are common. (Summer)
6. The trees may have colored leaves. (Fall)
7. The best time for swimming in the lake. (Summer)
8. The trees have small, light green leaves. (Spring)
Part 2: Read the primary and secondary source documents.
Assign 2 students to read these documents after you read the introduction.
Following the reading, ask the following questions:
· When was the Battle of Cowpens fought? *January 17, 1781)
· What was the weather like on that day? (cold, rainy)
· Why was the battlefield muddy? (It had been a rainy winter, so the soil could not absorb any more water. Therefore it was muddy.)
· How did the weather affect the battle? (Soldiers had to dress in layers to stay warm, leaves were off of trees so soldiers could be seen easily.)
Part 3: Learning about the Season of Winter
Assign students a part (1-18). Allow students to read the guided reading passage to learn more about winter. After reading, discuss these questions as a whole group.
· What are the four seasons?
· What causes the seasons?
· Why is winter colder than the other months?
· When does winter start in the Northern Hemisphere?