Lesson Plan

C&O Canal Reader's Theater: grade 4

An historic, black and white photo of Captain Meyers boat in the creek below the canal aqueduct.
Poor Captain Meyers certainly had a bad day today!

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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade
History, Performing Arts, Reading, Theatre
20 minutes
Group Size:
8 or fewer
National/State Standards:
Common Core English Language Arts
Speaking and Listening: SL.4.4


Use this lesson as a stand-alone classroom activity or as post-field trip activity. Students will use our script and slide show to retell the story of Captain Meyers and the day his boat ended up in the Conococheague Creek after the aqueduct wall failed.


Students will be able to:

1) Report to the class about a specific story using visual displays,
2) Practice using appropriate facts, providing descriptive details, and speaking clearly.


Captain Meyers was an experienced canal boat captain who regularly hauled 200 tons of coal in his cargo boat on the C&O Canal. On April 20, 1920 he returned to the Cushwa Basin in Williamsport, Maryland, with a load of coal from Cumberland. After the boat was unloaded, he started back up the canal to get another load. His boat and mule team entered the stone aqueduct near the Cushwa Basin when it gave way. Captain Meyers, his crew, and his mules survived, but his boat ended up in the Conococheague Creek below. And then for the next 24 hours, water from the canal poured out of the breech, stranding boats up stream for weeks.


The materials consist of a script and a slide show.



Student readers should be able to portray their characters through voice inflection, props, and actions.

Students should be able to retell the story without the script, touching on pertinent details and establishing the setting.

Park Connections

Students coming to the Williamsport Visitor Center at the Cushwa Basin will see the Conococheague Creek Aqueduct and the Cushwa Warehouse. 


Ask the class to write their own script about one of their bad days. What is the setting? Who are the characters?

Students can use their own photographs to illustrate a play about an event in their life--a trip to a park or a birthday or another memorable event.

STEM extension: What is an aqueduct? How does it work? Search for images of Roman aqueducts in Europe. Have the students build their own aqueduct.


canal, towpath, aqueduct, mule

Last updated: January 29, 2018