Regulations for Channel Islands National Park




National Park Service
U.S. Department of the Interior

Superintendent’s Compendium
Of Designations, Closures, Permit
Requirements and Other Restrictions
Imposed Under Discretionary Authority.

Approved:
/s/ Russell Galipeau
Superintendent

Date:
04/04/2006

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Channel Islands
National Park

1901 Spinnaker Drive
Ventura, CA 93001
www.nps.gov/chis/

805 658-5700 phone
805 685-5799 fax




In accordance with regulations and the delegated authority provided in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations ("36 CFR"), Chapter 1, Parts 1-7, authorized by Title 16 United States Code, Section 3, the following provisions apply to all lands and waters administered by the National Park Service, within the boundaries of Channel Islands National Park. Unless otherwise stated, these regulatory provisions apply in addition to the requirements contained in 36 CFR, Chapter 1, Parts 1-7.

Written determinations, which explain the reasoning behind the Superintendent’s use of discretionary authority, as required by Section 1.5(c), appear in this document identified by italicized print.

I. 36 CFR §1.5 – VISITING HOURS, PUBLIC USE LIMIT, CLOSURES, AND AREA DESIGNATIONS FOR SPECIFIC USE OR ACTIVITIES

(a)(1) The following visiting hours and public use limits are established for all or for the listed portions of the park, and the following closures are established for all or a portion of the park to all public use or to a certain use or activity:

VISITING HOURS:

The park visitor center at 1901 Spinnaker Drive in Ventura is closed on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. The rest of the year it is open to the public from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily.

PUBLIC USE LIMITS:

Maximum island day use is as follows:



Location

# of People

East Anacapa Island

100

West Anacapa—Frenchy’s Cove

100

Santa Barbara Island

100

Santa Rosa Island

100

San Miguel Island

75

Santa Cruz Island--Prisoners

100

Santa Cruz Island--Scorpion

200

Maximum occupancy of the park's campgrounds is as follows:



Campground

# of People

# of Sites

Anacapa Island

30

7

Santa Barbara Island

30

10

Santa Rosa Island

75

15

San Miguel Island

30

9

Santa Cruz Island--Scorpion

240

40

Santa Cruz Island –Del Norte

16

4

Determination:
Public use limits are established through the General Management Plan process to prevent overuse and to ensure the quality of visitor experience.

CLOSURES:

The following areas are closed to all public entry, except as authorized by the Superintendent:

Parkwide:

Rocks & Islets: All rocks and islets within the national park boundary are closed above mean high tide. These areas include, but are not limited to: Castle Rock, Hare Rock, Prince Island, Arch Rock, Diablo Rocks, Scorpion Rock, Willows Anchorage Rocks, Gull Island, Shag Rock and Sutil Island.

Determination:
Rocks and islets are essential habitat for nesting and roosting seabirds and/or pinnipeds. Public access may cause disturbance, mortality and abandonment.

Specific use or activity limitations:

The following uses or activities are prohibited, except as authorized by the Superintendent:

Park Roads are closed to private motor vehicle useexcept for the following activities:

  • Use reserved under rights of use and occupancy
  • Use in accordance with deeded easements
  • Use under special use permit authorizations
  • Use under concessions contracts or permits

Determination:
The islands are inherently separate from mainland vehicles traffic. Closure to private vehicle use preserves the inherent character of the islands. The administrative traffic which is permitted is the minimum necessary for the management of the islands. Additionally, the island road systems are not engineered to be safely navigated by those without local knowledge of the islands.

Park Roads are closed to bicycle use

Determination:
Closure to bicycles is similar to the rationale for closure to motor vehicles. Additionally, park roads are not designed or maintained with bicycle use in mind. The roads are for administrative use. Many are being phased out.

Visitors must remain on the established trail systems on Anacapa, San Miguel and Santa Barbara Islands. During heavy rains, certain sections of the trail systems on these islands may be temporarily closed at the discretion of the National Park Service.

Determination:
Restricting use to the trail systems on Anacapa, San Miguel and Santa Barbara is required to prevent disturbance to wildlife, to protect native and endemic plants, to reduce the spread of alien plants, and for visitor safety. Due to the recent ranching episodes on Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa, restrictions to trails are not deemed necessary at this time. Closure of some trails following rains is needed to prevent damage to the tread and damage to areas adjacent to the trail as hikers would walk alongside the trail to avoid the mud.

Specific Islands and Area Closures

Santa Barbara Island:

The shoreline, cliffs and beaches of Santa Barbara Island are closed to landing and public access except at the landing cove below the ranger station.

Determination:
The shoreline of Santa Barbara Island serves as a rookery and haulout for seals and sea lions. Public access could cause disturbance, abandonment and mortality.

Sections of trail may be temporarily closed on a seasonal basis to protect nesting seabirds.

Determination:
California Brown Pelicans nest in areas near some sections of trail. This bird is on the endangered species list. In order to encourage nesting success, some trail sections must be closed seasonally.

Anacapa Island:

Lighthouse: On east Anacapa Island, the area east of a north/south line drawn 100 ft. west of the lighthouse is closed. The trail to the lighthouse is posted with a closure sign. The area is delineated on Map of Anacapa Island (See Attachment B).

Determination:
Due to concerns for seabirds that nest and roost in the area of the lighthouse, the area is not open for general access. Park rangers may escort visitors to tour the lighthouse based on criteria established to prevent disturbance.

Middle Anacapa Island is closed, except for beaches.

Determination:
All areas except for exposed beaches are closed to protect nesting seabirds and because the steep cliffs are unsafe for climbing.

West Anacapa Island is closed except at Frenchy's Cove and beach areas.

Determination:
All areas except for exposed beaches are closed to protect nesting seabirds and because the steep cliffs are unsafe for climbing. Frenchy’s Cove is open to the public for access to the tidepools. The beach there is suitable for landing, and the tidepools are safely accessible without disturbance to wildlife.

Santa Cruz Island:

The area surrounding the captive island fox facility is closed.

Determination:
In 1999 the park convened a recovery team to address the rapid decline of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis), a canid species found only on the Channel Islands. Part of the team’s recommendations was to begin captive breeding programs for this critically endangered species. The park established a captive breeding program on San Miguel in 1999, on Santa Rosa in 2000, and on Santa Cruz in 2002. In order to minimize disturbance to foxes in the facilities and thus ensure recovery of the species, it is necessary to close the areas immediately surrounding the facilities to the general public. These closures will remain in effect for the duration of the captive breeding program on each island.

Bat Cave and the Cavern Point Cave Complex are closed to entry. These dry sea cave are located on the north shore of Santa Cruz Island west of Cavern Point at approximately 34 degrees 03.1022 minutes latitude and 119 degrees 34.2875 minutes longitude. (See Attachment J)

Determination:
Bat Cave is a dry sea cave where visitors would land on a beach and then walk into the cave. The cave is a nesting area for the Xantu's Murrelett in the spring. This species has been proposed for listing under the Endangered Species Act. Beginning in July and August, the floor of the cave hosts the nests of Storm Petrels. There are more Storm Petrel nesting in this cave than in any other one place in world. Storm Petrels are a species of concern.

Santa Rosa Island:

Sandy Point Area of Santa Rosa Island is closed. This includes all beaches and land areas 300 ft. inland from 0.75 miles north from the Sandy Point benchmark to 0.85 miles south from the Sandy Point benchmark (See Attachment E).

Determination:
The Sandy Point area is a substantial harbor seal and elephant seal refuge. Public access could cause disturbance, abandonment and mortality.

Skunk Point area of Santa Rosa Island, from March 1 to September 15, is accessible only by permit, from Sandy Point Ridge to the East Point Lagoon and 300 feet inland from the beach/grassland interface in order to protect breeding and nesting Snowy Plovers. (See Attachment F).

Determination:
The Skunk Point area is closed seasonally to protect breeding and nesting Snowy Plovers. The Snowy Plover is an endangered species. Skunk Point is one of its last strongholds. Public access could cause nesting failure.

Beaches other than Sandy Point and Skunk Point on Santa Rosa Island are open to public landing and use.

The ranch complex at Bechers Bay, the 7.5 acre area reserved exclusively by Vail & Vickers is closed to public entry. This includes the Big House and the fenced area surrounding it and the 7 acres north of the eucalyptus tree line. Also closed to public entry are all the ranch buildings, barns, and associated structures Vail & Vickers are allowed to use as part of their Special Use Permit. The road through the ranch complex remains open for public access to the pier.

Determination:
Under the Special Use Permit with the island’s former landowners, the ranch area and buildings are reserved for the exclusive use of Vail & Vickers.

Areas surrounding the two captive island fox facilities are closed.

Determination:
In 1999 the park convened a recovery team to address the rapid decline of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis), a canid species found only on the Channel Islands. Part of the team’s recommendations was to begin captive breeding programs for this critically endangered species. The park established a captive breeding program on San Miguel in 1999, on Santa Rosa in 2000, and on Santa Cruz in 2002. In order to minimize disturbance to foxes in the facilities and thus ensure recovery of the species, it is necessary to close the areas immediately surrounding the facilities to the general public. These closures will remain in effect for the duration of the captive breeding program on each island.

San Miguel Island:

At Pt. Bennett all areas west of the research station or west of a line drawn from Anubis Point to Ferrelo Point are closed, except as allowed by permit. Area delineated on Map of San Miguel Island (See Attachment D).

Determination:
The Pt. Bennett area is the largest seal and sea lion rookery in the park. Public access could cause disturbance, abandonment and mortality. Permitted access is only approved for researchers authorized by the Superintendent.

San Miguel Island shoreline, cliffs and beaches are closed to landing except for the beach at Cuyler Harbor.

Determination:
Most of the shoreline is used by various pinniped species. Public access could cause disturbance, abandonment and mortality. Additionally, this closure is consistent with the State regulations.

Without a park ranger escort, campers and other visitors on San Miguel Island are not allowed outside the restricted area. The area is delineated on Map of San Miguel Island (See Attachment C). The areas open to the public are the beach at Cuyler Harbor, Nidever Canyon trail, the Cabrillo Monument, campground, and the Lester Ranch site.

Determination:
San Miguel Island is owned by the U.S. Navy. Under the terms of the Memorandum of Understanding which opened the island to public access, a ranger escort is required.

The areas surrounding the three captive island fox facilities are closed to public entry.

Determination:
In 1999 the park convened a recovery team to address the rapid decline of the island fox (Urocyon littoralis), a canid species found only on the Channel Islands. Part of the team’s recommendations was to begin captive breeding programs for this critically endangered species. The park established a captive breeding program on San Miguel in 1999, on Santa Rosa in 2000, and on Santa Cruz in 2002. In order to minimize disturbance to foxes in the facilities and thus ensure recovery of the species, it is necessary to close the areas immediately surrounding the facilities to the general public. These closures will remain in effect for the duration of the captive breeding program on each island.

(a)(2) The following restrictions and/or conditions are in effect for the use or activity noted:

  • Sea Caves: Visitors exploring sea caves by boat may not set foot ashore inside those caves.

Determination:
The ledges and cobble beaches inside dry sea caves are nesting habitat for seabirds. Nests must be protected. Visitors entering sea caves by kayak or skiff and climbing ashore could easily crush the inconspicuous eggs, alter habitat or disrupt breeding efforts.

II. 36 CFR §1.6 – ACTIVITIES THAT REQUIRE A PERMIT

(f) The following is a compilation of those activities for which a permit from the superintendent is required:

  • §1.5(d) The following activities related to Public Use Limits:
    • Access to closed areas
  • §2.4(d) Carry or possess a weapon, trap, or net
  • §2.5(a) Specimen collection (Take plant, fish, wildlife, rocks or minerals)
  • §2.10(a) The following camping activities:
    • Camping at the campground on East Anacapa Island
    • Camping at the campground at Scorpion on East Santa Cruz Island
    • Camping at the campground at Del Norte on Santa Cruz Island
    • Camping at the campground on Santa Barbara Island
    • Camping at the campground on San Miguel Island
    • Camping at the campground on Santa Rosa Island
    • Beach camping on Santa Rosa Island

See section 1.5(a)(1) for campground capacities and section 2.10 for specific camping regulations

  • §2.12 Audio disturbances
    • (a)(2) Operating a chain saw in developed areas
    • (a)(3) Operation of any type of portable motor or engine, or device powered by a portable motor or engine in non-developed areas
    • (a)(4) Operation of a public address system in connection with a public gathering or special event for which a permit has been issued pursuant to §2.50 or §2.51
  • §2.17 Aircraft and air delivery
    • (a)(3) Delivery or retrieval of a person or object by parachute, helicopter or other airborne means
    • (c)(1) Removal of a downed aircraft
  • §2.23(b) Special recreation activities
  • §2.37 Soliciting or demanding gifts, money goods or services (Pursuant to the terms and conditions of a permit issued under §2.50, §2.51 or §2.52)
  • §2.38 Explosives:
    • (a) Use, possess, store, transport explosives, blasting agents
    • (b) Use or possess fireworks
  • §2.50(a) Conduct a sports event, pageant, regatta, public spectator attraction, entertainment, ceremony, and similar events
  • §2.51(a) Public assemblies, meetings, gatherings, demonstrations, parades and other public expressions of views

Persons or groups holding public assemblies will be limited to the following areas delineated on maps attached and available at the Superintendent's office as described below:

At the mainland visitors center building, specified locations between the entrance doorway and the street in the immediate vicinity of the flagpole. (See Attachment A)

On Anacapa Island, the concrete area at the top of the stairway (See Attachment B).

  • §2.52(c) Sale or distribution of printed matter that is not solely commercial advertising

Persons or groups engaged in noncommercial soliciting, public expressions of views, sale or distribution of printed matter, will be limited to engage in such activities only in the following areas delineated on maps attached and available at the Superintendent's office as described below:

At the mainland visitors center building, specified locations between the entrance doorway and the street in the immediate vicinity of the flagpole. (See Attachment A)

On Anacapa Island, the concrete area at the top of the stairway (Attachment B).

  • §2.60(b) Livestock use
  • §2.61(a) Residing on federal lands
  • §2.62 Memorialization:
    • (a) Erection of monuments (Requires approval from Regional Director)
    • (b) Scattering ashes from human cremation
  • §5.1 Advertisements - (Display, posting or distribution.)
  • §5.3 Engaging in or soliciting any business (requires a permit, contract or other written agreement with the United States, or must be pursuant to special regulations).
  • §5.5 Commercial Photography/Filming:
    • (a) Commercial filming of motion pictures or television involving the use of professional casts, settings or crews, other than bona fide newsreel or news television
    • (b) Still photography of vehicles, or other articles of commerce or models for the purpose of commercial advertising.
  • §5.6(c) Use of commercial vehicles on park area roads (The superintendent shall issue a permit to access private lands within or adjacent to the park when access is otherwise not available)
  • §5.7 Construction of buildings, facilities, trails, roads, boat docks, path, structure, etc.
  • §6.9(a) Operation of a solid waste disposal site

III. General Regulations

36 CFR §2.1 – PRESERVATION OF NATURAL, CULTURAL AND ARCHEOLOGICAL RESOURCES

(a)(5) The following conditions are in effect for walking, climbing, entering, ascending or traversing the listed archeological or cultural resource, monuments or statues:

  • Traversing on archeological sites is only permitted on established roads and trails.

(b) Hiking or pedestrian traffic is restricted to the trail or walkway as listed in Section 1.5 of this document.

  • Visitors must remain on the established trail systems on Anacapa, San Miguel and Santa Barbara Islands. During heavy rains, certain sections of the trail systems on these islands may be temporarily closed at the discretion of the National Park Service.

36 CFR §2.2 - WILDLIFE PROTECTION

(d) The transporting of lawfully taken wildlife through the park is permitted under the following conditions and procedures:

  • Lawfully taken wildlife belonging to the Vail & Vickers Company on Santa Rosa Island may be transported on Santa Rosa Island.

36 CFR §2.3 – FISHING

(d)(4) In accordance with federal statutory law, commercial fishing is authorized in the following areas, under the conditions noted:

  • Pursuant to U.S. Supreme Court decision 436 U.S. 32 (1978), commercial fishing is allowed in park waters in accordance with State regulations.

36 CFR §2.4 – WEAPONS, TRAPS, AND NETS

(a)(2)(i) Weapons, traps, or nets may only be carried, possessed or used at the following designated times and locations:

  • The carrying, possession, and use of firearms is permitted on Santa Rosa for the purpose of managing deer and elk by the legal owners and/or their representatives or guests.
  • The possession of firearms or archery equipment is permitted by agents, employees and guests of The Nature Conservancy when landing at Prisoner’s Harbor to transit across park lands to access lands owned by The Nature Conservancy on Santa Cruz Island.

36 CFR §2.10 – CAMPING and FOOD STORAGE

  1. The sites and areas listed below have been designated for camping activities as noted. A permit system has been established for certain campgrounds or camping activities, and conditions for camping and camping activities are in effect as noted:



Campground

# of People

# of Sites

Anacapa Island

30

7

Santa Barbara Island

30

10

Santa Rosa Island

75

15

San Miguel Island

30

9

Santa Cruz Island--Scorpion

240

40

Santa Cruz Island –Del Norte

16

4

  • Camping is permitted only in designated campsites. Beach camping is permitted only on Santa Rosa Island and only with a beach camping permit.
  • No person, party or organization shall be permitted to camp more than 14 days in any one calendar year.

(b)(3) Camping within 25 feet of a fire hydrant or main road, or within 100 feet of a flowing stream, river or body of water is authorized only in the following areas, under the conditions noted:

  • In designated campsites at island campgrounds
  • On Santa Rosa Island with a beach camping permit

(d) Conditions for the storage of food are in effect, as noted, for the following areas:

  • Where food storage lockers are provided all food and garbage must be secured in the lockers.

36 CFR 2.13 – FIRES

(a)(1) The lighting or maintaining of fires is prohibited

  • This restriction is also to be enforced on lands belonging to The Nature Conservancy in concordance with their agreement with the National Park Service for wildland fire management.

(a)(2) The following restrictions are in effect for the use of stoves or lanterns:

  • Only chemical fuel camp stoves may be used
  • Stoves may only be used at designated campgrounds, authorized beach camps and picnic areas

36 CFR §2.14 – SANITATION and REFUSE

(b) Conditions for the disposal, containerization, or carryout of human body waste have been established as follows:

  • For beach camping, human waste must be containerized and disposed of at a proper facility. Single point discharges are permitted at sea.

36 CFR §2.15 – PETS

(a)(1) The following structures and/or areas are closed to the possession of pets:

  • All park islands
[Note: Based on case law, certain regulations may be applied on private lands in order to prevent damage to park resources. Due to the risk of diseases and parasites spreading among the endangered island fox population on Santa Cruz Island, this closure to pets will be enforced on The Nature Conservancy lands as well.]

36 CFR §2.21 – SMOKING

(a) The following portions of the park, or all or portions of buildings, structures or facilities are closed to smoking:

  • The mainland visitor center
  • All National Park Service owned structure, residences, garages, or similar enclosed buildings and facilities located on park islands.
  • The islands, except at the following designated areas.
    • Santa Barbara Island—dock and landing area
    • Anacapa Island—dock and landing area
    • Santa Cruz Island—piers and landing areas at Scorpion & Prisoners
    • Santa Rosa Island—pier and landing area at Bechers Bay
    • San Miguel Island—beach and landing area at Cuyler Harbor

36 CFR §2.22 – PROPERTY

(a)(2) Property may be left unattended for periods longer than 24 hours in the following areas and under the following conditions:

  • Under the terms of a concession contract, commercial use license or other authorization that the Superintendent may issue for the proper management of the park.

36 CFR §2.52 – SALE OR DISTRIBUTION OF PRINTED MATTER

(e) The location available for the sale or distribution of printed matter pursuant to a permit is the designated - public notice area - on attachments A and B of the compendium.

36 CFR §2.62 – MEMORIALIZATION

(b) A permit is required for the scattering of ashes from cremated human remains, or in the following designated areas without a permit, in accordance with the following terms and conditions:

  • The remains to be scattered must have been cremated and pulverized.
  • The scattering of remains may only be done over park waters.
  • The scattering of remains from the air is to be performed at a minimum altitude of 2000 feet above sea level.

36 CFR §3.20 – WATER SKIING

(a) The towing of persons by vessels is permitted in the following areas under the terms and conditions noted:

  • Park waters open for boating activities are open to the towing of persons by vessels

36 CFR §3.21 – SWIMMING AND BATHING

(a)(1) The following areas are closed to swimming and bathing:

  • Piers and landings when vessels are actively loading or unloading passengers or supplies on the islands.

(a)(2) The following swimming restriction is designated:

  • Diving into the water from the Scorpion pier is prohibited.

36 CFR §4.10 – TRAVEL ON PARK ROADS AND ROUTES

(a) Park roads, open for travel by motor vehicle are those indicated below, and/or as indicated in the following publication or document (attached hereto):

  • As indicated in section 1.5, the islands are closed to private motor vehicle use.

36 CFR §4.30 – BICYCLES

(a) Park roads and parking areas that are closed to bicycle use are listed in section 1.5 of this document.

Last updated: February 28, 2015

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