159th Anniversary of the Battles for Chattanooga

A Living Historian Portraying a Confederate Uses Field Glasses to Look at Moccasin Bend
A living historian uses field glasses (binoculars) to watch for return cannon fire from Moccasin Bend.

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WELCOME


Below is a schedule of the park's programs commemorating the 159th Anniversary of the Battles for Chattanooga.

If you plan to attend some of the more strenuous walking tours, please keep in mind that comfortable, supportive footwear is recommended, as is water.

There is a $10 per person entrance fee to Point Park for all adults, ages 16 and older; children 15 and younger may enter for free. Programs occuring in other areas are FREE.
 

Special Junior Ranger
Anniversary Booklet

Stop by the Lookout Mountain Battlefield Visitor Center on Saturday, November 19, during the 159th Anniversary of the Battles for Chattanooga to pick up a special Junior Ranger booklet. Once completed, bring it back to the visitor center and receive a special patch.

*Please note that this special program will ONLY be offered on Saturday, November 19.

 

Saturday, November 19, 2022

10 am - Such a Slender Thread: Maintaining the Bridge that Launched an Offensive
Location: Brown's Ferry Federal Road Trailhead at the intersection of Moccasin Bend Road and Riverside Avenue, near 700 Moccasin Bend Road, Chattanooga, TN 37405

Within hours of Brown’s Ferry's seizure, on October 27, 1863, Union engineers constructed a floating military bridge, or pontoon bridge, across the Tennessee River at that already historic crossing. However, as it bobbed and oscillated and strained against the regularly varying current, it required constant maintenance, a task that fell to the 13th Michigan Infantry. During this 90-minute, mile and a quarter walking tour, National Military Park Historian Jim Ogden will look at what it took to keep the river bridged so that General Ulysses S. Grant could take the offensive for what became the Battles for Chattanooga, November 23-25, 1863.

10:30 am, 11:30 am, 1:30 pm, 2:30 pm, and 3:30 pm - Artillery Demonstrations inside Point Park
Location: Meet inside Point Park at the reproduction cannon, near the New York Peace Monument

For almost two months, Confederate artillery bombarded the besieged US forces in Chattanooga from Lookout Mountain. On the foggy morning of November 24, 1863, the cannon of Captain Maximilian van den Corput, stationed atop Lookout Mountain, rained down shot and shell on assaulting blue-clad soldiers as they grappled up Lookout Mountain's slopes. These 30-minute programs will focus on the artillery placed atop the mountain and will include a firing demonstration.

11 am - The Battle of Lookout Mountain Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 24, 1863, US soldiers scaled the slopes of Lookout Mountain in what famously became known as the "Battle Above the Clouds." This 30-minute program will focus on the fog-enshrouded fighting that took place here 159 years ago.

12:30 pm - A Flag that Speaks: The US Signal Corps at Chattanooga
Location: Meet at Signal Point, near 116 Signal Point Road, Signal Mountain, TN 37377

Today’s technology, with cellphone’s able to call, text, and email, is vastly different from communicating during the Civil War. During the Siege of Chattanooga, Union soldiers used the ridges and mountains in the area to establish signaling stations. Join a park ranger to learn about the US Signal Corps and its vital role in the dissemination of information in a one-hour long program at Signal Point. A fun activity for kids is planned to help them learn how signaling was conducted

2 pm - The Battle of Lookout Mountain at Reflection Riding
Location: Meet at Reflection Riding Arboretum and Nature Center, 400 Garden Road, Chattanooga, TN 37419.

“What ! Does the General expect us to fly?” That was the response of some Union soldiers when told early on November 24, 1863, that they would be attacking the Confederates on Lookout Mountain. The mountain’s seemingly indomitable height made the idea of such an attack almost as impossible as that of human flight. Yet their commander, Major General Joseph Hooker, had taken the measure of his enemy in gray and devised a plan by which to wrest control of the mountain from the Confederates. Reflection Riding Arboretum & Nature Center today protects ground where key parts of Hooker’s plan unfolded.

Join National Military Park Historian Jim Ogden for a guided 2 ½ mile, 2 ½ hour hike across the Riding to learn about those key parts of the “Battle Above the Clouds,” about the time when the peace and solitude of Reflection Riding was disturbed by fighting that was a part of one of the most important campaigns of the Civil War.

The hiking pace between historical points will be approximately 2 ½ to 3 miles per hour.

Note: Reflection Riding Arboretum & Nature Center is waiving their normal admission fee for participants in this program.

2 pm - The Battle of Lookout Mountain Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 24, 1863, US soldiers scaled the slopes of Lookout Mountain in what famously became known as the "Battle Above the Clouds." This 30-minute program will focus on the fog-enshrouded fighting that took place here 159 years ago.

4 pm - The Battle of Lookout Mountain Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 24, 1863, US soldiers scaled the slopes of Lookout Mountain in what famously became known as the "Battle Above the Clouds." This 30-minute program will focus on the fog-enshrouded fighting that took place here 159 years ago.

 

Sunday, November 20, 2022

11 am - The Battle of Missionary Ridge Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 25, 1863, US forces under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant struck Confederate entrenchments along the length of Missionary Ridge. However, the soldiers of US General George Thomas continued their attack up the center of Missionary Ridge, eventually puncturing the Confederate line and forcing a retreat into North Georgia. This 30-minute program will primarily cover the assault on Missionary Ridge.

2 pm - The Battle of Missionary Ridge Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 25, 1863, US forces under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant struck Confederate entrenchments along the length of Missionary Ridge. However, the soldiers of US General George Thomas continued their attack up the center of Missionary Ridge, eventually puncturing the Confederate line and forcing a retreat into North Georgia. This 30-minute program will primarily cover the assault on Missionary Ridge

2:30 pm - Hardee and Cleburne Defend the Confederate Right
Location: Meet at Sherman Reservation, Missionary Ridge, 2800 block of Lightfoot Mill Road, Chattanooga, Tennessee

When a rainy, misty, belated dawn revealed Union soldiers crossing the Tennessee River at the mouth of South Chickamauga Creek, Confederate Army of Tennessee commander Braxton Bragg became concerned about the right of his line in front of Chattanooga. He immediately sent his senior subordinate, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee, to the area and soon started troops in that direction as well, the division of Hardee’s student, Major General Patrick Cleburne, going first. National Military Park Historian Jim Ogden will examine Hardee’s and Cleburne’s defense of the Confederate right in this two-hour mile and a half walking tour of the ground of the focal point of the subsequent Union attacks.

4 pm - The Battle of Missionary Ridge Walking Tour
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 25, 1863, US forces under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant struck Confederate entrenchments along the length of Missionary Ridge. However, the soldiers of US General George Thomas continued their attack up the center of Missionary Ridge, eventually puncturing the Confederate line and forcing a retreat into North Georgia. This 30-minute program will primarily cover the assault on Missionary Ridge



 

Wednesday, November 23, 2022

2 pm - All Remained Quiet Spectators: The Fight for Orchard Knob
Location: Meet at the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center (3370 LaFayette Road, Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742)

The Union army’s success during this brief, yet overwhelming engagement set the tone for its success over the next days as they tried to wrestle Chattanooga from the grasp of the besieging Confederates. This 45-minute program will begin at the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center and caravan to Orchard Knob to explore the fighting that crisp November 23.

 

Thursday, November 24, 2022

11 am - "The Battle Above the Clouds" or is it "In the Clouds?"
Location: Meet inside the Point Park entrance gate

On November 24, 1863, Union General Joseph Hooker took a message from General Grant that, “you may take the mountain if at all practicable,” literally. The battle, being fought on the slope of the mountain, was given the nickname “The Battle Above the Clouds,” by the soldiers from down below in the valley and not the ones engaged in the fight. Join a park ranger for a one-hour long, ¼ mile walking tour of Point Park to learn what the fighting was really like on that day in November of 1863.

 

Friday, November 25, 2022

2 pm - The Battle of Missionary Ridge
Location: Meet at the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center (3370 LaFayette Road, Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742)

On November 25,1863, US soldiers ascended Missionary Ridge on multiple fronts. Troops under US General William T. Sherman assaulted the north end, US General George Thomas assaulted the middle, and US General Joseph Hooker assaulted the southern end. This 2-hour car caravan tour will visit several locations on Missionary Ridge where the battle took place, including the Iowa Reservation, Bragg Reservation, DeLong Reservation, and Sherman Reservation.

Last updated: November 8, 2022

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