Thomas J. Jackson evacuates Winchester.
Nathaniel P. Banks occupies Winchester.
Skirmish at Middletown.
First Battle of Kernstown
Forces Engaged: 12,300 total (US 8,500; CS 3,800)
Richard S. Ewell's division crosses the Blue Ridge at Swift Run Gap into the Shenandoah Valley.
Jackson's army departs the Valley via Brown's Gap.
Jackson returns his army to the Valley by rail, from Mechum's River Station via Rockfish Gap to Staunton.
Battle of McDowell
Forces Engaged: 12,500 total (US 6,500; CS 3,000)
Battle of Front Royal
Forces Engaged: 4,063 total (US 1,063; CS 3,000)
First Battle of Winchester
Forces Engaged: 22,500 total (US 6,500; CS 16,000)
Jackson demonstrates against Harper's Ferry.
Jackson's army marches through Winchester.
Skirmish near Harrisonburg, Brig. Gen. Turner Ashby killed in action.
Battle of Cross Keys
Forces Engaged: 17,300 total (US 11,500; CS 5,800)
Battle of Port Republic
Forces Engaged: 9,500 total (US 3,500; CS 6,000)
Jackson leaves the Valley for Richmond, Virginia.
Jackson with three divisions crosses the Potomac back into Virginia from Williamsport, Maryland. Brig. Gen. Julius White's Federal garrison at Martinsburg retreats to Harper's Ferry.
Siege of Harper's Ferry
Forces Engaged: 36,900 total (US 14,000; CS 22,900)
Battle of Sheperdstown
Forces Engaged: (US 2,000)
President Lincoln's EmanciPa.tion Proclamation. General Robert Milroy occupies Winchester.
Second Battle of Winchester
Forces Engaged: 19,500 total (US 7,000; CS 12,500)
Ewell's Second Corps crosses the Potomac River northward at Williamsport, Md. and Shepherdstown, W.V.
Hill's Third Corps crosses the Potomac River at Boteler's Ford (Shepherdstown, W.V.).
Longstreet's First Corps crosses the Potomac River at Williamsport, Md.
Army of Northern Virginia enters Martinsburg, W.V.
Federal army under Franz Sigel advances south from Martinsburg, W.V.
Sigel occupies Winchester.
Sigel's army encamps at Cedar Creek just south of Middletown.
Battle of New Market
Forces Engaged: 10,365 total (US 6,275; CS 4,090)
Sigel returns to Cedar Creek
Sigel is relieved of command and posted to Harper's Ferry.
David Hunter takes command of Federal army at Cedar Creek.
Hunter advances southward.
Hunter's army reaches Harrisonburg, Va.
Battle of Piedmont
Forces Engaged: 14,000 total (US 8,500; CS 5,500)
Hunter enters Staunton, Va.
Hunter sacks Lexington, Va., including burning Virginia Military Institute.
Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's Second Corps is ordered to the Shenandoah Valley.
Early's Second Corps begins arriving in Lynchburg, Va.
Battle of Lynchburg
Result: Confederate Victory
Early's Army of the Valley reaches Winchester, Va.
Battle of Monocacy
Result: Confederate Victory
Federal troops reoccupy Winchester.
Second Battle of Kernstown
Forces Engaged: 23,000 total (US 10,000; CS 13,000)
Confederate cavalry under John McCausland burns Chambersburg, Pa.
Early crosses the Potomac back into the Valley at White's Ferry, Va.
Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan arrives in Harper's Ferry, W.V., assuming command of the Middle Military Division and the Army of the Shenandoah.
Early's army is reenforced by Kershaw's infantry and Fitzhugh Lee's calVa.ry divisions.
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant meets with Sheridan at his Charles Town, W.V., headquarters. Kerhsaw's Division begins returning to Lee's army.
Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequon)
Forces Engaged: 54,440 total (US 39,240; CS 15,200)
Battle of Fishers Hill
Forces Engaged: 38,944 total (US 29,444; CS 9,500)
Skirmish at Front Royal, Federal cavalry execute six of Mosby's Rangers.
Kershaw's Division rejoins Early's army.
The systematic destruction of the Valley begins under Sheridan's command. Known simply as "The Burning". Lee urges Early to defeat Sheridan in the Valley.
Lt. John R. Meigs is killed by Confederate scouts near Dayton. Sheridan orders the burning of Dayton, Va. and surrounding homes in retaliation.
Sheridan rescinds the order to burn Dayton.
Battle of Tom's Brook (Battle of Woodstock Races)
Forces Engaged: 9,800 total (US 6,300; CS 3,500)
"The Burning" is completed after 13 days.
Sheridan's army encamps along Cedar Creek.
The Sixth Corps marches to Ashby's Gap en route to Alexandria but is recalled by Sheridan.
Skirmish at Hupp's Hill
Forces Engaged: 8,400 total (US 1,900; CS 6,500)
The Sixth Corps returns to right of Federal line along Cedar Creek.
Sheridan leaves for Washington, D.C. to attend a war strategy meeting.The Eighth and Nineteenth Corps begin entrenching.
Early has decoy message wigwagged from Signal Knob in view of the Federal army. Sheridan receives word of the decoded message in Front Royal and wires the news to Halleck.
Gen. John B. Gordon, Gen. Clement A. EVa.ns, Maj. Robert W. Hunter, and Maj. Jedidiah Hotchkiss climb Massanutten Mountain and observes Sheridan's army from Signal Knob. Rosser attacks Custer's pickets.
Sheridan arrives in Washington at 8 a.m., meets with Stanton and Halleck, and takes a noon train to Martinsburg, W.V.
At a headquarters conference, Early accepts attack plan proposed by Gordon and Hotchkiss. Gen. Gordon, Gen. Stephen D Ramseur, and Maj. Hotchkiss reconnoiter trail around Massanutten Mountain. Pioneers from Rodes' (Ramseur's) Division improve trail.Sheridan rides from Martinsburg to Winchester.
Forces Engaged: 46,091 (US 32,000; CS 14,091)
Last updated: June 27, 2022