Lesson Plan

Timucua meets Spanish Armada

De Bry engraving of the Ribault Monument and Hands on History Campers working with Florida Public Archeology Network

De Bry engraving of the Ribault Monument & NPS Photos

Overall Rating

Add your review
Grade Level:
Fourth Grade
American Indian History and Culture, Archaeology, Colonial History, Hispanic or Latino American History and Culture, History, Mathematics, Reading
Lesson could be broken up into two 45 minute sessions or each activity can be done separately.
Group Size:
Up to 24


This lesson is designed to give students a better understanding of the Timucua people, their relationship with Spaniards and the need of historical documents in addition to archeology. Lesson can be used as the second lesson, following Archeology: Digging into the Castillo


The students will understand the importance of historical documents, how they are used to decipher history. Students will practice using historical documents, comparing and contrasting between documents. Students will also practice converting units in both metric and customary systems.


The French and Spanish were competing to claim Florida as their territory. It was the immediate business of Pedro Menendez’s to frustrated settlements of the French Huguenots discover by Ponce de Leon. He was to convert the native Timucua to Catholicism by establishing missions and take over Florida for the Crown of Spain. In addition, control of Florida and the establishment of St.Augustine played an important role to protect the treasure fleets coming from Cuba, riding the Gulf Stream back to Spain.

Teacher notes also listed on Understanding Historical Documents sheet.



Teachers can use Venn Diagram Worksheet to assess compare and contrast skill. Journal entry may be used to assess student’s understanding of point of view. The Timucua Tribes and Towns Converting Distance Worksheet may be used as an assessment for converting distance for measurement of customary and metric units as well as multiplying with a decimal.

Park Connections

To teach students about the importance of historical documents, understanding primary sources and the Timucua people native to Northern Florida. This lesson uses primary sources of Pedro Menendez’s first accounts with the Timucua. By analyzing these accounts, students will better understand the Timucua culture and the need to build the Castillo de San Marcos.


This lesson could be used as a follow up lesson to the Archeology lesson.

Additional Resources

Common Core Standards:


W1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with

Reading Informational:

Key Ideas and Details:

RI 1 Quoting accurately from text when explaining what the text says and when
drawing inferences from text.

RI 2 Determine main idea from text and how it is supported by key details.
Craft and Structure:

RI 4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and
phrases in the text.

RI 5 Compare and contrast overall structure of events, ideas, concepts or
information in two or more texts.

RI 6 Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important
similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

Social Studies NGSSS

SS.4.A.1.1 Use primary and secondary sources to identify significant
individuals and events throughout Florida history.

SS.4.A.1.2 Synthesize information related to Florida history through
print and electronic media.

SS.4.A.2.1 Compare Native American tribes in Florida

SS.4.A.3.2 describe causes and effects of European colonization’s on the
Native American tribes of Florida.

SS.4.A.3.3 Identify the significance of St. Augustine as the oldest
permanent European settlement in the United States.

SS.4.A. 3.4 Explain the purpose of daily life on the mission.

SS.4.A.3.7 Identify nations that controlled Florida (France, Spain,
England) before it became a US territory.

SS.5.A.1.1 Use primary and secondary sources to understand history

SS.5.A.2.2 Identify Native American tribes from different geographic

SS.5.A.2.3 Compare cultural aspects of Native American tribes from
different geographic regions of North America.

SS.5.A.3.2 Investigate (nationality, sponsoring country, motives, dates
and routes of travel, accomplishments) the European explorers.

SS.5.A.3.3 Describe interactions among Native Americans in the struggle
for North American. Particularly Africans, English, French, Dutch and
Spanish for control of North America.

SS.5.A.4.1 Identify reasons for colonial settlement.


From Readings: Armada, Adelantado, harquebusiers, missions, Spanish league

Important People: Rene Laudonniere, Pedro Menendez de Aviles, Timucua, Solis de Meras, Jean Ribaut, Huguenots

Last updated: April 14, 2015