Lesson Plan

Archaeology & the Castillo

Students “excavating” their cookies with a toothpick to simulate how carefully an archaeologist would excavate a dig site.
Students “excavating” their cookies with a toothpick to simulate how carefully an archaeologist would excavate a dig site.

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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade
Subject:
American Indian History and Culture, Archaeology, Colonial History, Hispanic or Latino American History and Culture, Reading
Duration:
Lesson could be broken up into two 45 minute sessions or one 1 hr. 15 minute lesson.
Group Size:
Up to 24
Setting:
classroom

Overview

The Castillo de San Marcos is full of history & various people. It is
through Archeology that we learn about its history.

Objective(s)

The students will understand the importance of archaeology, how artifacts are used to infer the story of the people living in St.Augustine over the past 450 years. Also, students will understand to use primary sources to decipher history.

Background

An archaeologist is a scientist who investigates things, like tools and pottery that were made by people long ago. She/he tries to discover what life was like for that society. Both historians & archaeologist use documents such as maps, diaries, church records, letters and business records to piece together the untold stories of those living in the distant past. However, people also leave behind buildings in ruins, piles of trash, known as a midden, and burials in graveyards. All of these things give us information about those that lived in the past, whether they lived 100 or 2000 years ago.

Procedure

Assessment

Teachers can use Digging into the History of the Castillo de San Marcos Inference Worksheet as an assessment. The teacher may use discussion based assessments upon completion of worksheet.

Park Connections

To teach about archaeology, this lesson uses primary sources such as pictures of artifacts and information from the excavation done at the Castillo de San Marcos in 1997, 1998 and 2000. By using information from the report, Archeological Investigation of San Pablo and San Pedro Bastions, students can make connections about why archaeology is it important to the Castillo.

Extensions

This could be used as the prior to the Timucua Indian Lesson.

Additional Resources

Teachers can use Digging into the History of the Castillo de San Marcos Inference Worksheet as an assessment. The teacher may use discussion based assessments upon completion of worksheet.


Common Core Standards:


Writing:

W1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.

Reading Informational:

Key Ideas and Details:


RI 1 Quoting accurately from text when explaining what the text says and when drawing inferences
from text.

RI 2 Determine main idea from text and how it is supported by key details.

Craft and Structure:

RI 4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in the text.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

RI 7 Interpret information presented visually, orally or quantitatively and explain how the
information contributes to an understanding of the text.

Social Studies NGSSS


SS.4.A.1.1 Use primary and secondary sources to identify significant individuals and events
throughout Florida history.

SS.4.A.1.2 Synthesize information related to Florida history through print and electronic media.

SS.4.A.3.2 Identify the significance of St. Augustine as the oldest permanent European settlement
in the United States.

SS.5.A.1.1 Use primary and secondary sources to understand history

SS.5.A.2.2 Identify Native American tribes from different geographic regions.

SS.5.A.2.3 Compare cultural aspects of Native American tribes from different geographic regions of
North America.

SS.5.A.3.2 Investigate (nationality, sponsoring country, motives, dates and routes of travel,
accomplishments) the European explorers.

SS.5.A.3.3 Describe interactions among Native Americans, Africans,
English, French, Dutch and Spanish for control of North America.

 

Vocabulary

archaeologist, archaeology, artifact, midden, excavate, infer