First Chesapeake Voyage: June 2 to July 21, 1608
Captain John Smith led 14 men on his first voyage. In search of a route to the Pacific, the band headed north along today's Eastern Shore then moved to the Western Shore to probe the rivers now called Patapsco, Potomac, and Rappahannock.
Nearly every day, the crew encountered native people. The meetings were mostly friendly and the Indians gave food and help to Captain Smith and his crew. However, some tribes were hostile to the strangers.
The expedition also had to cope with storms. On one occasion, Smith wrote that "the winde and waters so much increased with thunder, lighting, and raine, that our mast and sayle brew overbord and such mighty waves overracked us in that small barge that with great labour we kept her from sinking by freeing out the water."
The voyage nearly ended in tragedy when a stingray seriously wounded Smith. However, he survived and reported eating the ray for supper. His sense of humor expressed itself again when he transformed his vessel to look like a Spanish ship to frighten his fellow colonists. Read more about Smith's first voyage up the Chesapeake Bay.
First Chesapeake Voyage Highlights
First 1608 Voyage Crew:
Captain: John Smith
Doctor: Walter Russell
Gentlemen (familiar with firearms): James Bourne, William Cantrill, Richard Fetherstone, Thomas Momford, Ralph Morton, Michael Sicklemore
Carpenter (boat repair): Robert Small
Blacksmith: James Read
Fish Merchant (knew edible fish): Richard Keale
Fisherman/Sailor: Jonas Profit
Laborer/Soldier: James Watkins
Soldier: Anas Todkill
Tailor (clothes and canvas): John Powell
Last updated: January 11, 2018