Field Trips

Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo Ranger Led Field Trip

A ranger leading school children on a program

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A third through fifth grade program about Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo's voyage of discovery. 

Thirty-five students. One adult per five students. 

One hour. 10:00am-11:00am or 11:15am-12:15pm Monday, Wednesday, or Friday.  

Meeting Location: 
Meet at the Ballast View Picnic Area.

Park Theme to be Interpreted
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo and his crew were the first Europeans to explore and chart the West Coast of the United States. Life aboard his ships in the mid-sixteenth century was not easy, and the expert navigators effectively used rudimentary navigational devices. 

At the completion of this program, students will be able to: 
1. Explain two reasons why Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo and his crew went on their voyage of exploration. 
2. Describe two conditions that the crew experienced while on their voyage. 
3. Explain how to use one navigational instrument that was commonly used during the 1500's. 

History/Social Science Content Standards for California Grades K-12 

Grade 3: 3.3 Students draw from historical and community resources to organize the sequence of local historical events and describe how each period of settlement left its mark on the land. 
1. Research the explorers who visited here, the newcomers who settled here, and the people who continue to come to the region, including their cultural and religious traditions and contributions. 

Grade 4: 4.2 Students describe the social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from the pre-Columbian societies to the Spanish missions and Mexican rancho periods. 
2. Identify the early land and sea routes to, and European settlements in, California with a focus on the exploration of the North Pacific (e.g., by Captain James Cook, Vitus Bering, Juan Cabrillo), noting especially the importance of mountains, deserts, ocean currents, and wind patterns. 
3. Describe the Spanish exploration and colonization of California, including the relationships among soldiers, missionaries, and Indians (e.g., Juan Crespi, Junipero Serra, Gaspar de Portola). 

Grade 5: 5.2 Students trace the routes of early explorers and describe the early explorations of the Americas. 
1. Describe the entrepreneurial characteristics of early explorers (e.g., Christopher Columbus, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado) and the technological developments that made sea exploration by latitude and longitude possible (e.g., compass, sextant, astrolabe, seaworthy ships, chronometers, gunpowder). 
2. Explain the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments of the explorers, sponsors, and leaders of key European expeditions and the reasons Europeans chose to explore and colonize the world (e.g., the Spanish Reconquista, the Protestant Reformation, the Counter Reformation).  


National/State Standards:
Grade 3: 3.3
Grade 4: 4.2
Grade 5: 5.2
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Early California History, San Diego History, Cabrillo National Monument, 16th Century Exploration
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