Plan A Field Trip: Site Selection

The island you choose to visit will depend upon the subject matter you want to teach. Each island provides students with several learning opportunities based on its natural and cultural settings.
Questions to consider when deciding which island to visit include:
  • Will the educational experience focus on salt marsh ecology? If so, Thompson Island is a good choice.
  • Is your class studying intertidal invertebrates? Lovells Island provides excellent intertidal areas.
  • Is your class studying the Civil War? If so Fort Warren on Georges Island will provide a unique expedition to a period coastal fort and Confederate prison.
Review the habitats of each island once you have identified the subject your island expedition will complement. The harbor islands are grouped by the learning subjects as presented in the Massachusetts State Standards:
  • Mathematics, Science and Technology
    • Earth and Space Science (Grades 3-8)
      • Coastal dynamics including weather and atmospheric studies and wave propagation
        Island Match: Lovells and Spectacle Islands
      • Coastal geology including beach erosion, deposition, dune formation, ice age and glacial formation, drumlins, and bedrock formation
        Island Match: Lovells, Peddocks, Georges, and Spectacle Islands
      • Renewable energy
        Island Match: Spectacle and Deer Islands

    • Life Science (Grades 3-8)
      • Intertidal zone ecosystems and organisms (sandy shore)
        Island Match: Lovells and Spectacle Islands
      • Intertidal zone ecosystems and organisms (rocky shore)
        Island Match: Spectacle, Thompson, and Lovells Islands
      • Maritime forest and coastal botany
        Island Match: Thompson, Bumpkin, Grape, and Peddocks Islands
      • Landscape restoration, recreation and re-vegetation
        Island Match: Spectacle Island, Webb Memorial State Park, and Worlds End
      • Entomology
        Island Match: Spectacle, Lovells, Bumpkin, and Grape Islands

    • Physical Sciences (Grades 3-8)
      • Coastal dynamics including weather and atmospheric studies and wave propagation
        Island Match: Lovells and Spectacle Islands
      • Renewable energy
        Island Match: Spectacle Island
      • Waste Management
        Island Match: Deer and Nut Islands

  • Language Arts and Social Science
    • North American Geography (Grade 4)
      • Interpretation of a map using information from its title, compass rose, scale and legend
        Island Match:
        Spectacle Island
      • Observe national historic sites and describe their function and use
        Island Match: Fort Warren/Georges Island, Boston Lighthouse/Little Brewster Island, Long Wharf/downtown Boston
      • Identify and describe unique features of the United States
        Island Match
        (coastal drumlins): Spectacle, Georges, Grape, Bumpkin, Lovells, Peddocks, and Little Brewster Island

    • United States History, Geography, Economics and Government (Grade 5)
      • Early relationships between indigenous peoples and English settlers
        Island Match: Deer, Thompson, and Spectacle Islands
      • King Phillips War (1674-1676)
        Island Match: Deer Island
      • Seacoast fortification and harbor defense
        Island Match: Georges Island
      • Aids to Navigation/Lighthouse History
        Island Match: Spectacle and Little Brewster Islands
      • Regional History/City of Boston (Industrialization)
        Island Match: Spectacle and Deer Islands
      • Geography including location of water bodies and specific land-based locations
        Island Match: Spectacle Island vista
    • World Geography (Grade 6)
      • Use of geographic terms including glacier, climate, natural resource, human resource, drumlin, river, land, peninsula, deposition, erosion, hurricane, ocean and wind currents, city and urbanization
        Island Match: Spectacle Island
If the objective of the expedition is to focus on coastal or intertidal ecosystems, it is recommended the arrival to the island is scheduled to coincide with low tide. Consult a tide table or an education ranger to determine the appropriate time and date to visit the island.

Tides occurring during a full and new moon are the lowest tides of the month, providing excellent opportunities for exploring sand flats or rocky intertidal zones. The intertidal zones have the best opportunities for students to examine invertebrates, mollusks and bivalves, as well as marine algae found at the outermost limit of the intertidal zone. In contrast, high tides offer the best opportunity to discuss coastal processes, such as wave dynamics, dune propagation, and coastal deposition and erosion.

Other factors to consider when selecting an island include:
  • Safety – Are there hazards such as steep inclines, slippery intertidal rocks, sharp objects such as shellfish or metal or glass? It is essential that all participants wear footwear.
  • Special Needs – Do you require arrangements to accommodate special needs students?An eight person electric vehicle is available at Spectacle Island to meet the needs of your students. Island staff is available to operate the vehicle but prior arrangement must be made. Arrangements can be made by calling the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Boston Harbor Islands Visitor Services Coordinator at (781) 740-1605.

Last updated: February 26, 2015

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