Aztec Ruins Teacher's Guide

Drawing of stone ruins with protruding ceiling beams and two aligned doorways, with fall foliage in the background.
Teacher's Guide Cover

NPS image by Jim Fuge

Overall Rating

Add your review

Teacher's Guide Introduction
File Type: PDF, 398 KB
This file contains the Table of Contents, Introduction, How To Use This Guide, and Education Standards. This section is important for understanding how the guide can be used and how the lesson plans relate to New Mexico State Education Standards. It also addresses the connections this place has to Pueblo people of today. The introduction includes a summary of the most recent archeological interpretations of the site, which is excellent background information for a class visit.

These files contain the Student Projects and are devided up by levels. Lessons 1-9 are Beginner, Lessons 10-12 are Intermediate, and Lessons 13-15 are Advanced.

Teacher's Guide Lesson 1 - Using Plants to Meet Basic Needs
File Type: PDF, 250 KB

This is the first of two lessons that explore how the ancestral Pueblo people used plants. This lesson introduces students to the concept of plants helping to fulfill basic needs; the second concentrates on the identification, description, and uses of plants.

Teachers Guide Lesson 2 - Identifying Plants
File Type: PDF, 216 KB

This is the second of two lessons that explore how the Ancestral Pueblo people used plants. This lesson concentrates on the identification, description, and uses of plants. The first introduced students to the concept of plants helping to fulfill basic needs.

Teachers Guide Lesson 3 - Resources Near and Far
File Type: PDF, 117 KB

Examine replica artifacts and discuss their materials and uses.

Teachers Guide Lesson 4 - Corn
File Type: PDF, 343 KB

Observe, record, and discuss findings about the Ancestral Puebloan use of corn.

Teachers Guide Lesson 5 - Directions to the Past
File Type: PDF, 144 KB

Identify map locations and write map instructions for others.

Teachers Guide Lesson 6 - Graffiti
File Type: PDF, 200 KB

Differentiate between graffiti, petroglyphs, and pictographs.

Teachers Guide Lesson 7 - Poetry in Ruins
File Type: PDF, 116 KB

In their study of Aztec Ruins, students will use sensory perception, imagination, and writing exercises to observe and examine the Ancestral Pueblo buildings.

Teachers Guide Lesson 8 - Impacts on the Environment
File Type: PDF, 148 KB
Today, most people realize that resources such as water, aluminum, electricity, and gasoline are depletable and should be conserved or re-cycled. In the same way, prehistoric people needed to be careful when harvesting or col-lecting raw materials so as not to destroy their supply.

Teachers Guide Lesson 9 - Now and Then _ A Scavenger Hunt
File Type: PDF, 85 KB

Compare artifacts and building features of the prehistoric inhabitants to those of people today.

Teachers Guide Lesson 10 - Imagination Pots
File Type: PDF, 214 KB

Observe and identify different pottery styles.

Teachers Guide Lesson 11 - Living in the Past, Present, and Future
File Type: PDF, 127 KB

Compare different ways that past, present, and future people meet basic human needs.

Teachers Guide Lesson 12 - The Life of an Artifact
File Type: PDF, 62 KB

Combine observations, inferences, and knowledge into creative writing about the life of an artifact.

Teachers Guide Lesson 13 - Investigating Great Houses
File Type: PDF, 116 KB
Students apply the scientific method to investigate the Aztec West great house.

Teachers Guide Lesson 14 - Raising the Roofs
File Type: PDF, 97 KB

Investigate the origin of and materials used in prehistoric roof construction.

Teachers Guide Lesson 15 - What Happened Here
File Type: PDF, 149 KB
Utilize all that you have learned in the previous lessons for a culminating study of the ancestal Pueblo.

Additional Resources

Teacher's Guide Resources
File Type: PDF, 1.52 MB
This file contains Archeologist Profiles, Glossary of Terms, Reference List, and a Teacher Comment and Evaluation Form.


American Indian History and Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Architecture, Architecture (Building Styles and Methods), Art, Astronomy, Environment, Geometry, Historic Preservation, History, Landscapes, Literature, Mathematics, Museum Studies, Poetry, Social Studies