Lesson Plan

Animal Adaptations

a mule deer with short, velvet-covered antlers


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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade
Biology: Animals
National/State Standards:
Utah State Science Core Curriculum Topic, Standard Five: Students will understand the physical characteristics of Utah’s wetlands, forests, and deserts and identify common organisms for each environment.
adaptations, Beaver, Canada Geese, mule deer, eagles, wetlands, forests, desert, mountain lion, migration, birds of prey


Students are introduced to animal adaptations as both activities and anatomy that help animals survive. On the field trip, students explore for beaver sign and dress-up one student to illustrate the amazing adaptations of this animal. Students pretend to be raptors, learning why the birds need sharp eyesight, and play a game that illustrates the adaptations of deer and mountain lions. Finally, they migrate as a gaggle of geese, and examine how much energy it takes to make the long journey.