National Park Service: Native American Heritage
  • native american totem

    Native American Heritage

    Cultural Resources National Park Service

See For Yourself

Image of Montezuma Castle NM

There are hundreds of sites of our native past to include a mound city in Georgia, and an ornate 19 room cliff dwelling in Arizona.


For Teachers

Image of a Chumash Op at Satwiwa in Santa Monica Mountains NRA

Learn more about California's Chumash Indians with an interactive program that explores different parts of cultures and it is for all ages!


Inside Stories

Image of a memorial stone denoting the Sand Creek massacre

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site was established to enhance public understanding, and minimize similar incidents in the future.



Image of Navajo code talkers from World War II

Long before Europeans came to explore Texas, the people now known as Caddo had a well-developed trail system across their territory in East Texas. Major east-west and north-south trails led to and from important mound centers and established communities. The east-west trail system became El Camino Real National Historic Trail. Find out the history of the Caddo Nation. What happened to them? Navajo speaker Philip Johnston proposed to the Marine Corps the idea of a code within the Navajo language in WW II. More people...



Image of Indian Mounds of Mississippi

The success of western routes of travel, such as the Santa Fe Trail, and American demand for land in the West forced the Kaw Nation (Kanza) to relocate several times. Where are they today? The National Register of Historic Places recognizes Native American Heritage and hosts Indian Mounds of Mississippi. Eight hundred years ago, the lower Mississippi Delta was home to highly organized societies. There were roads, commerce, and cultural centers anchored by awe-inspiring earthen monuments. .More places...



Image of Coso Rock Art

The Pueblo of Pojoaque was one of 19 pueblos in New Mexico impacted by Spaniards who traveled north along El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (Royal Road of the Interior Lands) starting in 1598. The Pueblo Revolt is one of the only times in American history that American Indians defeated their oppressors. The Coso Rock Art District, a National Historic Landmark deep in the U.S. Navy's testing station at China Lake, contains one of America's most impressive petroglyphic and archeological complexes. The 20,000 images already documented surpass in number most other collections, and the archeological resources are remarkably undisturbed. More stories...



Image of Bandelier art

The Bandelier National Monument
s include objects made by Ancestral Pueblo people over 400 years ago and neighboring modern Pueblo peoples; paintings by Pablita Velarde and Helmut Naumer Sr.; and Civilian Conservation Corps tinware and woodwork made in the 1930s. Other exhibits include Nez Perce, Chaco, and Hubbel Trading Post. More collections...



Image of native baskets

The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) provides a process for museums and Federal agencies to return certain Native American cultural items -- human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony - to lineal descendants, culturally affiliated Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian organizations. . More preservation...


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