Bibliography

THE BIG LOCK UP: MASS INCARCERATION IN THE UNITED STATES

1. Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2017, By Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy. March 14, 2017.

www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/pie2017.html

New report for this year is up if we care?

HOW DID WE GET HERE?

Tough On Crime

1. NAACP Criminal Justice Fact Sheet, www.naacp.org/criminal-justice-fact-sheet/

2. Bureau of Justice Statistics as quoted in The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander, The New Press, 2012

3. The Sentencing Project, Bureau of Justice Statistics; www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Trends-in-US-Corrections.pdf

Unequal Justice

1. NAACP Criminal Justice Fact Sheet. www.naacp.org/criminal-justice-fact-sheet/

Unequal Justice Flipbook

1. Lynn Langton, Ph.D., and Matthew Durose, 2016, Police Behavior during Traffic and Street Stops, 2011. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pbtss11.pdf

2. Human Rights Watch Analysis of 2014-2015 County Jail Data. “Not in it for Justice” How California’s Pretrial Detention and Bail System Unfairly Punishes Poor People. www.hrw.org/report/2017/04/11/not-it-justice/how-californias-pretrial-detention-and-bail-system-unfairly

3. Berdejó, Carlos, Criminalizing Race: Racial Disparities in Plea Bargaining (September 13, 2017). Boston College Law Review, Vol. 59, 2018; Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-39. ssrn.com/abstract=3036726

4. Rehavi, M. Marit and Starr, Sonja B., Racial Disparity in Federal Criminal Charging and Its Sentencing Consequences (May 7, 2012). U of Michigan Law & Econ, Empirical Legal Studies Center Paper No. 12-002. ssrn.com/abstract=1985377

5. 6 Million Lost Voters: State-Level Estimates of Felony Disenfranchisement, 2016. www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/6-Million-Lost-Voters.pdf

6. The Hamilton Project: Ten Economic Facts about Crime and Incarceration in the United States, Melissa S. Kearney, Benjamin H. Harris, Elisa Jácome, and Lucie Parker, 2014. www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/v8_THP_10CrimeFacts.pdf

7. U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights, CIVIL RIGHTS DATA COLLECTION Data Snapshot: School Discipline Issue Brief No. 1 (March 2014). ocrdata.ed.gov/Downloads/CRDC-School-Discipline-Snapshot.pdf

History Matters

1. “Lynchings: Whites and Negroes, 1882-1968” Tuskegee University, Archives and Repository. 192.203.127.197/archive/bitstream/handle/123456789/511/Lyching%201882%201968.pdf

Who Is Incarcerated?

1. Greenberg, E., Dunleavy, E., and Kutner, M. 2007. Literacy Behind Bars: Results From the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey (NCES 2007-473). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Statistics. nces.ed.gov/pubs2007/2007473.pdf

2. Prisons of Poverty: Uncovering the pre-incarceration incomes of the imprisoned, Bernadette Rabuy and Daniel Kopf, 2015. Prison Policy Initiative. www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/income.html

3. California Senate Office of Research, State Survey of California Prisoners, 2011. www.sor.govoffice3.com/vertical/Sites/%7B3BDD1595-792B-4D20-8D44-626EF05648C7%7D/uploads/Foster_Care_PDF_12-8-11.pdf

4. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Indicators of Mental Health Problems Reported by Prisoners and Jail Inmates 2011-12. www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=5946

5. Karberg & James. 2005. Substance dependence, abuse, and treatment of jail inmates, 2002. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Justice. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/sdatji02.pdf

Who Is Incarcerated Flipbook

1. Prisons of Poverty: Uncovering the pre-incarceration incomes of the imprisoned, Bernadette Rabuy and Daniel Kopf, 2015. Prison Policy Initiative. www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/income.html

2. The State of Working America, Fact-sheet, African-Americans. stateofworkingamerica.org/fact-sheets/african-americans/

3. Karberg & James. 2005. Substance dependence, abuse, and treatment of jail inmates, 2002. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Justice. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/sdatji02.pdf

4. NAACP Criminal Justice Fact Sheet. www.naacp.org/criminal-justice-fact-sheet/

5. California Senate Office of Research, State Survey of California Prisoners, 2011. www.sor.govoffice3.com/vertical/Sites/%7B3BDD1595-792B-4D20-8D44-626EF05648C7%7D/uploads/Foster_Care_PDF_12-8-11.pdf

6. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Indicators of Mental Health Problems Reported by Prisoners and Jail Inmates 2011-12. www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=5946

7. National Alliance of Mental Illness, African American Mental Health. www.nami.org/Find-Support/Diverse-Communities/African-Americans

8. Greenberg, E., Dunleavy, E., and Kutner, M. 2007. Literacy Behind Bars: Results From the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey (NCES 2007-473). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Statistics. nces.ed.gov/pubs2007/2007473.pdf

9. School Composition and the Black-White Achievement Gap, 2015. nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pubs/studies/2015018.aspx

WHO IS HARMED?

Children and Families

1. A Shared Sentence, The Devastating Toll of Parental Incarceration on Kids, Families and Communities, 2016. Annie E. Casey Foundation http://www.aecf.org/m/resourcedoc/aecf-asharedsentence-2016.pdf

2. Saneta deVuono-powell, Chris Schweidler, Alicia Walters, and Azadeh Zohrabi, 2015. Who Pays? The True Cost of Incarceration on Families. Oakland, CA. Ella Baker Center, Forward Together, Research Action Design. http://ellabakercenter.org/sites/default/files/media/Who-Pays-FINAL-2.pdf

The Community

3. Michael McLaughlin et al., 2016. The Economic Burden of Incarceration in the U.S., Working Paper #AJI072016, Washington University in St. Louis. https://source.wustl.edu/2016/09/cost-incarceration-u-s-1-trillion/

Women

Wendy Sawyer, 2018. The Gender Divide: Tracking women’s state prison growth, Prison Policy Initiative, 2018. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/women_overtime.html

All of US

4. Michael McLaughlin et al., 2016. The Economic Burden of Incarceration in the U.S., Working Paper #AJI072016, Washington University in St. Louis. https://source.wustl.edu/2016/09/cost-incarceration-u-s-1-trillion/

5. California Senate Office of Research, State Survey of California Prisoners, 2011. http://www.sor.govoffice3.com/vertical/Sites/%7B3BDD1595-792B-4D20-8D44-626EF05648C7%7D/uploads/Foster_Care_PDF_12-8-11.pdf

Life Sentence

1. The Council of State Governments. https://niccc.csgjusticecenter.org/map/

2. Jean Chung, 2017. Felony Disenfranchisement: A Primer, The Sentencing Project. https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/felony-disenfranchisement-a-primer/

WHO PROFITS?

1. The Prison Index: Taking the Pulse of the Crime Control Industry, Section III: The Prison Economy, Prison Labor, 2013. Prison Policy Initiative. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/prisonindex/prisonlabor.html

CAN WE DO BETTER?

1. American Civil Liberties Union, 2017. www.aclu.org/news/91-percent-americans-support-criminal-justice-reform-aclu-polling-finds

WORLDS LARGEST SYSTEM

1. Pew Center on the States; [Jenifer Warren, principal author]. One In 31: the Long Reach of American Corrections. [Washington, D.C.]: Pew Center on the States, 2009.

2. Walmsley R. 2016. World Prison Brief. London: Institute for Criminal Policy Research. www.prisionstudies.org/world-prison-brief.

3. Christopher Hartney. 2006. US Rates of Incarceration: A Global Perspective, Fact Sheet. National Council on Crime and Delinquency. www.nccdglobal.org/sites/default/files/publication_pdf/factsheet-us-incarceration.pdf

What About Your State?

1. Peter Wagner. Tracking State Prison Growth in 50 States. Prison Policy Initiative. www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/overtime.html#select50l

2. FACT SHEET: TRENDS IN U.S. CORRECTIONS, 2016. The Sentencing Project, based on Bureau of Justice Statistics; https://www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Trends-in-US Corrections.pdf

3. Rebecca Vallas and Sharon Dietrich, “One Strike and You’re Out: How We Can Eliminate Barriers to Economic Security and Mobility for People with Criminal Records” (Washington: Center for American Progress), 2014. https://cdn.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/VallasCriminalRecordsReport.pdf

4. E. Ann Carson, Ph. D., Bureau of Justice Statics. Prisoners in 2014. www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf

Last updated: April 3, 2018

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