Common Native Plants

Below is a list of our common native plants, including their scientific name and location.

A
alder, green or mountain
Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
mountains

alder, speckled
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
meadows

arrowhead, common
Sagittaria latifolia
freshwater marshes and ponds

ash, American mountain
Sorbus americana
coniferous woods

ash, white
Fraxinus americana
deciduous woods

aspen, big-toothed
Populus grandidentata
deciduous woods, roads and meadows

aspen, trembling
Populus tremuloides
deciduous woods, roads and meadows

aster
Aster spp.
mountains

aster, bog
Aster nemoralis
bogs

aster, flat-topped white
Doellingeria umbellata
meadows

aster, large-leaved
Aster macrophyllus
deciduous woods

aster, New York
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
meadows

B

bearberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

beech, American
Fagus grandifolia
deciduous woods

birch, gray
Betula populifolia
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

birch, paper
Betula papyrifera
deciduous woods

birch, yellow
Betula alleghaniesis
deciduous woods

bladderwort, horned
Utricularia cornuta
freshwater marshes and ponds

blueberry, high-bush
Vaccinium corymbosum
freshwater marshes and ponds

blueberry, low sweet
Vaccinium angustifolium
coniferous woods, deciduous woods, roads and meadows, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

blueberry, velvet-leaf
Vaccinium myrtilloides
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

blue-eyed-grass
Sisyrinchium montanum var. crebrum
roads and meadows

bluejoint, Canada
Calamagrostis canadensis
freshwater marshes and ponds

bluet
Houstonia caerulea
roads and meadows

bog rosemary
Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla
bogs

bunchberry
Cornus canadensis
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

bush-honeysuckle
Diervilla lonicera
deciduous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

C

cat-tail, common
Typha latifolia
freshwater marshes and ponds

cherry, choke
Prunus virginiana
deciduous woods

cherry, pin
Prunus pensylvanica
deciduous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

chokeberry, black
Photinia melanocarpa
bogs, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

cinquefoil, three-toothed
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

cotton-grass
Eriophorum spp.
bogs

cranberry, large
Vaccinium macrocarpon
bogs

cranberry, mountain
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
coniferous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

cranberry, small
Vaccinium oxycoccos
bogs

crowberry, black
Empetrum nigrum
bogs, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

D

dewdrop
Rubus dalibarda
coniferous woods

dogbane, spreading
Apocynum androsaemifolium
roads and meadows

E

elder, red-berried or stinking
Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens
deciduous woods

F

fern, bracken
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum
deciduous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

fern, Christmas
Polystichum acrostichoides
deciduous woods

fir, balsam
Abies balsamea
coniferous woods

fireweed
Epilobium angustifolium
roads and meadows

G

goldenrod, gray
Solidago nemoralis
roads and meadows

goldenrod, northern bog
Solidago uliginosa
bogs

goldenrod, Rand's
Solidago simplex ssp. randii
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

goldenrod, rough-stemmed
Solidago rugosa
roads and meadows

goldthread
Coptis trifolia
deciduous woods

H

hairgrass
Deschampsia flexuosa
roads and meadows

hardhack or steeplebush
Spiraea tomentosa
roads and meadows

harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

heather, golden
Hudsonia ericoides
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

hemlock, eastern
Tsuga canadensis
coniferous woods

hobblebush
Viburnum lantanoides
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

holly, mountain
Nemopanthus mucronatus
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

huckleberry, black
Gaylussacia baccata
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

huckleberry, dwarf
Gaylussacia dumosa var. bigeloviana
bogs

I

iris, blueflag
Iris versicolor
bogs

J

juniper, common
Juniperus communis var. depressa
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

juniper, creeping
Juniperus horizontalis
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

L

Labrador-tea
Rhododendron groenlandicum
bogs

larch
Larix laricina
bogs

laurel, bog
Kalmia polifolia
bogs

laurel, sheep or lambkill
Kalmia angustifolia
bogs, deciduous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

leatherleaf
Chamaedaphne calyculata
bogs

lily, bluebead
Clintonia borealis
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

lobelia, water
Lobelia dortmanna
freshwater marshes and ponds

loosestrife, whorled
Lysimachia quadrifolia
roads and meadows

M

maple, mountain
Acer spicatum
deciduous woods

maple, red
Acer rubrum
bogs, deciduous woods

maple, striped
Acer pensylvanicum
deciduous woods

maple, sugar
Acer saccharum
deciduous woods

mayflower, Canada
Maianthemum canadense
coniferous woods, deciduous woods, roads and meadows

meadow-rue, tall
Thalictrum pubescens
roads and meadows

meadowsweet
Spiraea alba var. latifolia
roads and meadows

milkweed, common
Asclepias syriaca
roads and meadows

mountain holly
Nemopanthus mucronatus
coniferous woods

O

oak, red
Quercus rubra
deciduous woods

oatgrass, poverty
Danthoia spicata
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

P

partridgeberry
Mitchella repens
conif

pearly everlasting
Anaphalis margaritacea
roads and meadows

pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata
freshwater marshes and ponds

pine, jack
Pinus banksiana
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

pine, pitch
Pinus rigida
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

pine, red
Pinus resinosa
coniferous woods

pine, white
Pinus strobus
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

pinesap
Monotropa hypopithys
coniferous woods

pitcher plant
Sarracenia purpurea
bogs

poverty grass
Danthonia spicata
roads and meadows

pyrola, one-flowered
Moneses uniflora
coniferous woods

pyrola, round-leaved
Pyrola americana
deciduous

R

raspberry, red
Rubus idaeus
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

rhodora
Rhododendron candense
bogs, freshwater marshes and ponds

rose, bristly
Rosa nitida
bogs

rose, swamp
Rosa palustris
freshwater marshes and ponds

rose, Virginia or field
Rosa virginiana
roads and meadows, mountains and dry, rocky places

S

sandwort, mountain
Minuartia groenlandica
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

sarsaparilla, bristly
Aralia hispida
roads and meadows, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

sarsaparilla, wild
Aralia nudicaulis
coniferous woods, deciduous woods, roads and meadows

saxifrage, early
Saxifraga virginiensis
deciduous woods

shadbush or serviceberry
Amerlanchier spp.
coniferous woods, deciduous woods, roads and meadows

shinleaf
Pyrola elliptica
coniferous woods

snowberry, creeping
Gaultheria hispidula
bogs

Solomon's seal, false
Maianthemum racemosum
deciduous woods

Solomon's seal, small
Polygonatum pubescens
deciduous

spatterdock or yellow water-lily
Nuphar variegata
freshwater marshes or ponds

spruce, black
Picea mariana
bogs

spruce, red
Picea rubens
coniferous woods

spruce, white
Picea glauca
coniferous woods

St. Johns-wort, marsh
Triadenum virginicum
freshwater marshes and ponds

starflower
Trientalis borealis
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

strawberry, wild
Fragaria virginiana
roads and meadows

sundew, round-leaved
Drosera rotundifolia
bogs

sundew, spatulate-leaved
Drosera intermedia
bogs

swamp candles
Lysimachia terrestris
freshwater marshes and ponds

sweet gale
Myrica gale
bogs

sweetfern
Comptonia peregrina
mountain tops and dry, rocky places

T

trailing arbutus
Epigaea repens
coniferous woods

turtlehead, white
Chelone glabra
freshwater marshes and ponds

twinflower
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
deciduous woods

twisted stalk, rosy
Streptopus lanceolatus
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

V

violet
Viola spp.
deciduous woods

W

water-lily, fragrant
Nymphaea odorata
freshwater marshes and ponds

white-cedar, northern
Thuja occidentalis
deciduous woods, freshwater marshes and ponds

willow
Salix spp.
roads and meadows

winterberry
Ilex verticillata
fresh

wintergreen
Gaultheria procumbens
coniferous woods, deciduous woods

witherod or wild raisin
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
coniferous woods, mountain tops and dry, rocky places

wood sorrel, northern
Oxalis montana
coniferous woods

woodreed, drooping
Cinna latiolia
coniferous woods

Y

yellow rattle
Rhinanthus minor
roads and meadows

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 177
Bar Harbor, ME 04609

Phone:

(207) 288-3338
General information and questions. The phone is answered weekdays 8 am - 4:30 pm.

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