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American Battlefields
Manassas Gap  

Other Names: Wapping Heights

Location: Warren County

Campaign: Gettysburg Campaign (June-August 1863)

Date(s): July 23, 1863

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. William H. French [US]; Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson [CS]

Forces Engaged: Divisions

Estimated Casualties: 440 total

Description: After recrossing the Potomac River at Williamsport, Lee’s army withdrew up the Shenandoah Valley.  Meade crossed the Potomac River east of the Blue Ridge and followed Lee into Virginia. On July 23, Meade ordered the III Corps, under Maj. Gen. William. H. French to cut off the retreating Confederate columns at Front Royal by forcing passage through Manassas Gap.  At first light, French began slowly pushing Walker’s Confederate brigade (Anderson’s division) back into the gap. About 4:30 pm, a strong Union attack drove Walker’s men until they were reinforced by Rodes’s division and artillery. By dusk, the poorly coordinated Union attacks were abandoned. During the night, Confederate forces withdrew into the Luray Valley. On July 24, the Union army occupied Front Royal, but Lee’s army was safely beyond pursuit.

Result(s): Inconclusive

CWSAC Reference #: VA108

Preservation Priority: III.4 (Class D)

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