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American Battlefields
Front Royal   

Other Names: Guard Hill, Cedarville

Location: Warren County

Campaign: Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign (1862)

Date(s): May 23, 1862

Principal Commanders: Col. John R. Kenly [US]; Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson [CS]

Forces Engaged: 4,063 total (US 1,063; CS 3,000)

Estimated Casualties: 960 total (US 904; CS 56)

Description: On May 23, Confederate forces, spearheaded by the Louisiana “Tigers” and the 1st Maryland, surprised and overran the pickets of a 1,000-man Union garrison under Col. Kenly at Front Royal. Driven through the town, the Federals made a stand on Camp Hill and again at Guard Hill after attempting to fire the river bridges. Outnumbered and outflanked, Kenly continued the retreat to Cedarville, where two cavalry charges led by Maj. Flournoy broke the roadblock and routed the Union force. Nearly 900 Federals surrendered.  Jackson’s victory at Front Royal forced the Union army under Banks at Strasburg into a rapid retreat towards Winchester.

Result(s): Confederate victory

CWSAC Reference #: VA103

Preservation Priority: IV.1 (Class C)

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