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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Cruz Bay Town Historic District
Reference Number 16000699
State VI
County St. John
Town Cruz Bay
Street Address Town boundary
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 10/4/2016
Areas of Significance COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, MILITARY, POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT, SOCIAL HISTORY, ETHNIC HERITAGE/BLACK, MARITIME HISTORY, ARCHEOLGY /HISTORIC
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/16000699.pdf
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The Cruz Bay Town Historic District retains remarkable contextual integrity and possesses a high degree of historical significance. It clearly meets applicable National Register Criteria in areas A, B, C and D. The town of Cruz Bay (AKA Christiansbay) was first surveyed and plotted by Danish Crown Surveyor Julius Philip Benjamin von Rohr in June/July of 1766. Von Rohr's field notes and survey drawings indicate that he laid out the town in an orderly grid pattern of three primary streets running parallel to the shoreline, and two cross-streets running inland from the harbor. This plan, set in place nearly 250 years ago, is the same layout encountered in the town of Cruz Bay to the present day. Therefore, as per National Register guidelines, Cruz Bay possesses " ... a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings, structures, or objects united historically or aesthetically by plan or physical development. "Not only is Cruz Bay's historical setting wholly intact, it also represents a " ... unified entity ... composed of a wide variety of resources ... " all of which "convey a visual sense of the overall historic environment."

Any Associated Files
N/A

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria