National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Prospect Hill Historic District
Reference Number 16000694
State NY
County Erie
Town Buffalo
Street Address Columbus Pkwy., Columbus Park W., Busti & Rhode Island Aves., Niagara & Vermont Sts.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 10/4/2016
Areas of Significance Architecture, Community Planning & Development
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The Prospect Hill Historic District is eligible for the National Register under Criteria A and C in the areas of architecture and community planning and development. Located on a topographically significant site overlooking the juncture of the Niagara River and Lake Erie, the neighborhood is significant under Criterion C as a largely intact collection of houses representing high-style and vernacular examples of architectural styles typical in late-19th/early 20th-century Buffalo. It is also significant under Criterion A as a neighborhood that reflects layering of development in distinct historic eras relating to the expansion of Buffalo: (1) the midnineteenth century, when estates and substantial suburban residences were built beyond the city's outskirts; (2) the "streetcar suburb" era, when high-quality, suburban-style residential development developed in tandem with development of Buffalo's park system and streetcar network, exemplifying Frederick Law Olmsted's convictions regarding the impact of a park and parkway network on urban development; and (3) early twentiethcentury expansion and assimilation of Buffalo's Italian community, as first- and second-generation Italian Americans, particularly successful professionals, considered this a desirable alternative to older Italian- American neighborhoods closer to downtown. The period of significance for the Prospect Hill Historic District begins circa 1867, the date of the earliest buildings constructed in the district, and ends in 1955, coinciding with both the end of significant residential development in the district and a period when extensive changes to the Peace Bridge Plaza adjacent to the district began to have a detrimental effect on the neighborhood and its important relationship to Front Park.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria