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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Weil, Edgar A., House
Reference Number 16000686
State GA
County Chatham
Town Tybee Island
Street Address 802 14th St.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 10/4/2016
Areas of Significance Architecture, Community Planning and Development
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The Edgar A. Weil House is significant at the local level of significance under National Register Criterion C in the area of architecture as a good and intact example of a cross-gable bungalow. The cross-gable is a rare subtype of the bungalow in Georgia, as defined in the statewide context Georgia's Living Places: Historic Houses in Their Landscaped Settings. The house's irregular floor plan, overall rectangular shape, low-pitched roof with wide overhangs, and integral use of porches are indicative of its type, and it retains a high degree of integrity. The Edgar A. Weil House is also significant at the local level under National Register Criterion A in the area of community planning and development as an early example of the next phase of development on the island following completion of Tybee Road. The "smooth beautiful highway," as it is referred to in marketing brochures from the Tybee Hotel and Improvement Company in 1926, connected Tybee "not only with Savannah, but with the entire Southeast, by reason of its million dollar paved automobile highway." Tybee Road was completed in 1923, and at that time, the Tybee Hotel and Improvement Company began to market the island's improved accessibility, growing list of amenities, and its potential for year-round housing. The Edgar A. Weil House, while used as a vacation home for much of its history, was built in a style typical of mainland houses found throughout Georgia. This was a drastic deviation from the hotels, boarding houses, and raised cottages typically built during the early phases of the island's resort development and marked a change in perception of the island from a purely recreational destination to a potential location for full-time residence.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria