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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Gallup Commercial Historic District
Reference Number 16000389
State New Mexico
County McKinley
Town Gallup
Street Address Roughly bounded by U.S. Route 66 on the north , West Coal Avenue on the south, South Puerco Drive on the east. and South 7th Street on the west
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/21/2016
Areas of Significance Architecture, Community Planning and Development, Commerce, Ethnic Heritage: Native American, Entertainment/Recreation
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/16000389.pdf
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The Gallup Commercial Historic District comprises one-and-two-story attached-and-unattached brick-and-stone buildings located along West Route 66 and West Coal Avenue in the city of Gallup in McKinley County in western New Mexico. The Gallup Commercial Historic District is significant at the local level under National Register Criterion C in the area of architecture because the historic includes excellent examples late 19th -and early 20th-century commercial buildings in styles that include the Brick Commercial, Romanesque Revival, Art Deco, Spanish- Pueblo Revival, and Spanish Baroque Revival. The historic district is significant at the local level under National Register Criterion A in the area of community planning and development because its gridiron plan of streets oriented to the railroad is a common town plan for railroad-era towns in New Mexico. The historic district is significant at the local level under National Register Criterion A in the area commerce because Gallup served as a regional center for commerce with numerous trading posts for the buying, selling, and trading of Native American jewelry, rugs, and other crafts. The historic district is significant at the state level in the area of Native American ethnic heritage because the annual Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial included a Native American Ceremonial parade through downtown. The historic district is significant at the state level under National Register Criterion A in the area of entertainment and recreation because downtown Gallup was a center for entertainment with hotels, bars, cafes, restaurants, ballrooms, saloons, and movie theaters, and because the Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial has been an important part of tourism in Gallup since it began in 1922.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria