Air Pollution in Eagle, Alaska
There are possible elevated levels of air pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, in Eagle, AK that may be due to shale rock oil fires in the vicinity. The town is also impacted by smoke from wildfires, depending on wind direction. See link for more info. More »
Title VIII of ANILCA: A Summary of Subsistence Legislation
In 1980, Congress formally recognized the social and cultural importance of protecting subsistence for both Native and non-Native rural residents when it passed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). This legislation created millions of acres of new national park and national preserve lands in Alaska, including Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve.
As written in ANILCA, Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve is managed for the following purposes:
To maintain the environmental integrity of the entire Charley River basin, including streams, lakes and other natural features, in its undeveloped natural condition for public benefit and scientific study; to protect habitat for, and populations of, fish and wildlife, including but not limited to the peregrine falcons and other raptorial birds, caribou, moose, Dall sheep, grizzly bears, and wolves; and in a manner consistent with the foregoing, to protect and interpret historical sites and events associated with the gold rush on the Yukon River and the geological and paleontological history and cultural prehistory of the area.
Title VIII of ANILCA focuses on the management and use of subsistence across all federal lands. The term "subsistence uses" in ANILCA is defined in Section 803 as:
The customary and traditional uses by rural Alaska residents of wild, renewable resources for direct personal or family consumption as food, shelter, fuel, clothing, tools, or transportation; for the making and selling of handicraft articles out of nonedible byproducts of fish and wildlife resources taken for personal or family consumption; for barter, or sharing for personal or family consumption; and for customary trade.
In Section 801 of ANILCA, Congress recognized the need for:
1. the continuation of the opportunity for subsistence uses by rural residents of Alaska, including both Natives and non-Natives, on the public lands and by Alaska Natives on Native lands is essential to Native physical, economic, traditional, and cultural existence and to non-Native physical, economic, traditional, and social existence;
2. the situation in Alaska is unique in that, in most cases, no practical alternative means are available to replace the food supplies and other items gathered from fish and wildlife which supply rural residents dependent on subsistence uses;
With the passage of ANILCA, the American people made a promise to preserve and protect some of our nation's most splendid natural ecosystems and treasured landscapes while providing the opportunity for those engaged in a traditional subsistence way of life to continue to do so. In this way, the landmark law that created many of Alaska's national park units confirms the strong connection between local residents and the land.
Did You Know?
Slaven's Roadhouse, built in the 1930's, is the only remaining example of the historic roadhouses that served as stopovers for weary travelers and mailcarriers along the Yukon River route.