Frequently Asked Questions About the Winter Use Adaptive Management Program in Yellowstone National Park
This FAQ document addresses questions related specifically to the winter use Adaptive Management Program in Yellowstone National Park.
General Adaptive Management Information
What is adaptive management?
What does adaptive management seek to do?
Adopted from Williams and Brown 2012
Is there a visual of the adaptive management process?
As Figure 1 demonstrates, adaptive management is a three-step process that is repeated over time, and involves management, monitoring, and evaluation. This process will be applied to winter use in Yellowstone. In Yellowstone's Adaptive Management Program, the first step will be carried out by park managers who, with public input, will define and implement management actions for winter use that are based on Yellowstone's resource conditions, and the objectives outlined by the winter use final Plan/Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS). In the second step, resource monitoring, park scientists will collect data about resource conditions and present it to park managers and the public so that they can assess resource impacts, and the effectiveness of winter use management actions over time. The third step, evaluation, entails park scientists and managers analyzing monitoring data, seeking public input, and then applying the results to modify winter use management actions as appropriate going forward.
What is collaborative adaptive management?
What does "learning" mean in adaptive management?
Where has collaborative adaptive management been implemented?
Will the National Park Service use collaborative adaptive management to help manage Yellowstone's winter use?
Adaptive Management for Yellowstone's Winter Use
How will adaptive management be applied to winter use in Yellowstone?
Why is adaptive management important for winter use in Yellowstone?
What are the goals of the Yellowstone Adaptive Management Program for winter use?
Hasn't the NPS gathered enough data on winter use already?
How will the NPS fund the Adaptive Management Program? What resources are available?
Will the Yellowstone Adaptive Management Program result in a "plan"?
How does the adaptive management plan differ from the final Plan/SEIS?
What are resource indicators?
Is there a need to prioritize which resource indicators should be monitored?
What is the role for the public in Yellowstone's Adaptive Management Program for winter use?
What will the public be asked to do?
Who can be involved in the Adaptive Management Program?
Are there any upcoming public meetings I can attend?
What kinds of issues can the public comment on through the Adaptive Management Program?
How will the NPS share data from the Adaptive Management Program with the public?
The Future of Adaptive Management and Winter Use
How might adaptive management change winter use in the future?
Can adaptive management cause Yellowstone to increase the number of authorized transportation events for winter use?
Can adaptive management cause Yellowstone to increase the number of non-commercially guided snowmobile events?
Will any management actions proposed through the Adaptive Management Program require additional NEPA review?
What is your timeline for the Adaptive Management Program?
Will monitoring be conducted prior to the implementation of the final adaptive management plan?
Where can I learn more about adaptive management?
Web Examples of Collaborative Adaptive Management Projects
U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI). 2008. Adaptive Management. Departmental Manual 522 DM 1. Washington, D.C.: Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance.
Folke, Carl, Thomas Hahn, Per Olsson and Jon Norberg. 2005. Adaptive Governance of Socio-Ecological Systems. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 30: 441–473.
Gunderson, Lance and Stephen S. Light. 2006. Adaptive Management and Adaptive Governance in the Everglades Ecosystem. Policy Science 39:323–334.
Holling, C.S. 1978. Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. Caldwell, NJ: Blackburn Press.
U.S. National Park Service (NPS). 2006. Management Policies 2006. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior.
Susskind, Lawrence, Alejandro E. Camacho and Todd Schenk. 2012. A critical assessment of collaborative adaptive management in practice. Journal of Applied Ecology (49):47–51.
Williams, B. K. and E. D. Brown. 2012. Adaptive Management: The U.S. Department of the Interior Applications Guide. Washington, D.C.: Adaptive Management Working Group, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Williams, B. K., R. C. Szaro, and C. D. Shapiro. 2009. Adaptive Management: The U.S. Department of the Interior Technical Guide. Washington, D.C.: Adaptive Management Working Group, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Additional Information about Yellowstone's Winter Use
Where can I read more about the history of winter use in Yellowstone?
Where can I read more about the winter use final rule released on October 22, 2013? The NPS has prepared a set of frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the winter use final rule, which can be accessed here: http://www.nps.gov/yell/parkmgmt/currentmgmt.htm.
Did You Know?
Some groups of Shoshone Indians, who adapted to a mountain existence, chose not to acquire the horse. These included the Sheep Eaters, or Tukudika, who used dogs to transport food, hides, and other provisions. The Sheep Eaters lived in many locations in Yellowstone.