• A bull elk bugles in Yellowstone National Park

    Yellowstone

    National Park ID,MT,WY

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  • Craig Pass Closed for the Season; Mammoth to Norris Closed Sept. 14-30

    The road linking West Thumb and Old Faithful is closed for the season—traffic should detour through West Thumb, Lake, and Canyon. The road from Mammoth to Norris is closed for two weeks—traffic should detour over Dunraven Pass. More »

Lynx References

Halfpenny, J., K. Murphy, and D. Reinhart. 1999. Lynx: Their ecology and biology and how winter recreation effects them. In T. Olliff, K. Legg and B. Kaeding, ed., Effects of winter recreation on wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Area: Literature review and assessment, 46–64. Greater Yellowstone Coordinating Committee, Greater Yellowstone Winter Wildlife Working Group.


Holmes, M. and N. Berg. 2009. Endeavor Wildlife Research Foundation greater Yellowstone lynx study: 2008/2009 annual report. Jackson, WY: Endeavor Wildlife Research Foundation.

Murphy, K., T. Potter, J. Halfpenny, K. Gunther, T. Jones, and R. Lundberg. 2005. The elusive Canada lynx: Surveying for Yellowstone's most secretive threatened carnivore. Yellowstone Science 13(2): 7–15.


Murphy, K.M., T.M. Potter, J.C. Halfpenny, K.A. Gunther, M.T. Jones, P.A. Lundberg, and N.D. Berg. 2006. Distribution of Canada Lynx in Yellowstone National Park. Northwest Science 80(3):199–206.

Murphy, S.C. and M.M. Meagher. 2000. The status of wolverines, lynx, and fishers in Yellowstone National Park. In A. P. Curlee, A. Gillesberg and D. Casey, ed., Greater Yellowstone predators: Ecology and conservation in a changing landscape, 57–62. Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative and Yellowstone National Park.

Reeve, A., F. Lindzey, and S. Buskirk. 1986. Historic and recent distribution of the lynx in Wyoming, Edited by Wyoming Cooperative Fishery and Wildlife Research Unit. Prepared for the Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, Wyoming. Laramie, WY.

Ruggiero, L.F. et al. ed. 2000. Ecology and Conservation of Canada Lynx in the US. Boulder: University of Colorado. Squires, J.R. 2005. Conservation challenges of managing lynx. Yellowstone Science 13(2): 10–11.

Squires, J.R. and R. Oakleaf. 2005. Movements of a male Canada lynx crossing the Greater Yellowstone Area, including highways. Northwest Science 79(2–3):196–201.

Squires, J.R., N.J. DeCesare, S. Tomson, L.F. Ruggiero, and B. Oakleaf. 2003. Distribution of lynx and other forest carnivores in the Wyoming range, southcentral Wyoming. Research conducted by the Rocky Mountain Research Station, in cooperation with Region 4 of the US Forest Service and the Wyoming Game and Fish Department.

Did You Know?

Fire in Yellowstone Pineland in 1988

The 1988 fires affected 793,880 acres or 36 percent of the park. Five fires burned into the park that year from adjacent public lands. The largest, the North Fork Fire, started from a discarded cigarette. It burned more than 410,000 acres.