The Ecology of Bison Movements and Distribution In and Beyond Yellowstone National Park
A Critical Review with Implications for Winter Use
C. Cormack Gates
In June 2004, the National Park Service commissioned Dr. Cormack Gates of the Faculty of Environmental Design at the University of Calgary to conduct an independent assessment on the effects of groomed roads on bison movement during the winter in Yellowstone National Park. Entitled, "The Ecology of Bison Movements and Distribution in and beyond Yellowstone National Park," the report has been completed and is now available to the public.
Faculty of Environmental Design
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view or print these pdf documents
Did You Know?
There were no wolves in Yellowstone in 1994. The wolves that were reintroduced in 1995 and 1996 thrived and there are now over 300 of their descendents living in the Greater Yellowstone Area.