• Wupatki Pueblo at sunset

    Wupatki

    National Monument Arizona

Geologic Formations

Moenkopi sandstone and Wukoki Pueblo

Moenkopi sandstone and Wukoki Pueblo.

NPS photo by Dallas Larsen.

The geologic story of Wupatki is closely linked to that of Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, located 18 miles to the south. Click here for an overview of both.

Cinders from the eruption of nearby Sunset Crater Volcano blanket parts of Wupatki National Monument. Click here to read the research report.

Did You Know?

Aerial view of Sunset Crater Volcano

The large pueblos preserved at Wupatki National Monument were constructed in the years following the eruption of nearby Sunset Crater, sometime between 1040 and 1100. Volcanic ash, deposited in thin layers, retained moisture and improved farming for an increased population at Wupatki.