History & Culture
Wupatki National Monument was established by President Calvin Coolidge on December 9, 1924, to preserve Citadel and Wupatki pueblos. Monument boundaries have been adjusted several times since then, and now include additional pueblos and other archeological resources on a total of 35,422 acres.
Wupatki represents a cultural crossroads, home to numerous groups of people over thousands of years. Understanding of earlier people comes from multiple perspectives, including the traditional history of the people themselves and interpretations by archeologists of structures and artifacts that remain. You can explore both through the links on this page.
Did You Know?
Flagstaff, Arizona is the world's first designated International Dark Sky City. This helps to ensure dark night skies at 3 national monuments located nearby - Wupatki, Sunset Crater Volcano, and Walnut Canyon.