• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

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  • Trail Closure Information

    The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.

  • Temporary Road Closure Information

    Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.

Wildlife Management - The Whole Park

Black-footed Ferret

Black-footed Ferret

NPS Photo

A New Outlook

By the 1960’s, American attitudes towards wildlife and natural areas began to change. New methods of controlling populations of large mammals came into use. Managers of national parks began to focus on the parks as a whole, and began to manage to include all native forms of animal and plant life.



NPS Photo

Changing Our Ways

Predators are viewed as an important part of the natural system and programs to eliminate them stopped. Biologists around the country began to re-establish predator populations in wild areas.


Dr. Hoogland Researching Prairie Dogs

NPS Photo

Pests Exposed

Researchers began investigating the intricate connections of the small mammals and the ecosystems. In the 1970’s Dr. John Hoogland began a project to understand prairie dogs in Wind Cave National Park. He found that these animals, once considered varmints, are actually keystone species in the prairie ecosystem. Today, the prairie dogs, black-footed ferrets, and many other animals that depend on the prairie are better understood. Their roles in the park ecosystems continue to be researched. Unlike past practices, animals are not labeled good or bad - their role in the park is carefully evaluated before control measures are taken.

Roundup Using a Helicopter

Roundup Using a Helicopter

NPS Photo


Today, the balance between herd size and plant communities is continually monitored. Excess bison and elk are rounded-up; tested for diseases; and, when possible, live shipped to Indian Reservations and other parks and refuges.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife employee Tom Allen and Mary Laycock

U.S. Fish and Wildlife employee Tom Allen and NPS Ranger Mary Laycock

NPS Photo by Michael Laycock

Traditions Continue

Wind Cave National Park's tradition of reintroducing and protecting native wildlife and the land that supports them continues today. Between July 4 and November 5, 2007, forty-nine black-footed ferrets, one of North America's rarest mammals, and a predator, were reintroduced. In November 2010, another twelve black-footed ferrets were released. These elusive predators are once again a resident of the park's prairie dog towns where they play an essential role in helping restore balance to the ecosystem.


Did You Know?


Wind Cave is one of the longest caves in the world and has an amazing amount of a rare cave formation called boxwork. More...