• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Wildlife Management - Raising Wild Animals

Bison on the Prairie

Bison on the Prairie

NPS Photo

Returning the Animals

Fourteen bison were shipped to the preserve from the New York Zoological Society in 1913. In 1914, 14 Rocky Mountain elk from Yellowstone National Park and 13 pronghorn antelope from Alberta, Canada were added to complete the prairie scene.

 
Herd of Elk in a Corral

Herd of Elk in a Corral

NPS Photo

Learning to Manage Wildlife

Because the practice of raising wild game animals under semi-natural conditions was relatively new, A.P. Chambers, the first warden of the preserve, experienced many challenges creating healthy, wild herds.

 
Truck Used to Ship Animals

Truck Used to Ship Animals

NPS Photo

Growing Herds

The bison and elk survived with very little trouble. They quickly adapted to the park area and by 1920, the bison reached a population of 100 and the elk, 200. To keep the herd sizes in balance with the range, managers culled animals by selling them or moving them to other preserves.

 
Pronghorn and Kid

Pronghorn and Kid

NPS Photo

Challenges with the Pronghorn

Raising pronghorn antelope was, perhaps, A.P Chambers greatest challenge. These curious little animals seemed to die for no apparent reason.

 

Did You Know?

Natural Entrance of Wind Cave

Winds caused by changes in barometric pressure are what give Wind Cave its name. These winds have been measured at the cave's walk-in entrance at over 70 mph. The winds at the natural entrance of the cave attracted the attention of Native Americans and early settlers.