• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Wildlife Management - An Evolving Idea

Prairie Scene with Bison

Prairie Scene with Bison

NPS Photo

The view seen at Wind Cave National Park has not always been a serene prairie with bison peacefully grazing on the rolling hills. Wind Cave National Park is a work in progress. It is a project that began in 1903 with the establishment of the national park and continues to this day.
 
Hunting Bison from a Train

Hunting Bison from a Train

NPS Photo Archive

Pre-Western Expansion

The journey began as an attempt to restore pieces of the North American prairie to what it had been. To early people, the prairie was an endless sea of grass teeming with wildlife.

Darkness on the Prairie

The last half of the 19th century saw catastrophic reductions in both the wildlife and the prairie. By 1900, bison were nearly extinct and the numbers of pronghorn antelope and elk were seriously declining. It was out of these dark days that the beginnings of wildlife management was born.

 
Hunters at the End of the 19th Century (left)  Bison Heads (right)
Hunters at the End of the 19th Century (left)     Bison Heads (right)
NPS Photo Archives
 

Did You Know?

Prairie Dog Barking

Lewis and Clark, while on their journey up the Missouri River in 1804, noted that this "wild dog of the prairie...appears here in infinite numbers." More...