• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Bison Management 01

Bison Cow and Calf

Bison Cow and Calf

NPS Photo

In 1913, 14 bison (6 bulls and 8 cows) were donated to the Wind Cave National Game Preserve by the New York Zoological Society as part of an effort by the American Bison Association to return bison to the Great Plains. Six additional bison (2 bulls and 4 cows) were brought in from Yellowstone National Park in 1916. The present Wind Cave bison herd originated from these 20 animals.

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Running Bison

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Did You Know?

fire on the prairie

Fire is an important factor in protecting the prairie. Historically, fires burned across the prairie every 4 to 7 years. Fires burn the small trees that would otherwise march across the prairie and turn the grasslands to forest.