• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

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  • Trail Closure Information

    The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.

  • Temporary Road Closure Information

    Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.

Forbs and Shrubs - Woodland

Family Name

Bloom

Agave Small soapweed
Yucca glauca

May-Jun

Bean American vetch
Vicia americana

May-Jun

Breadroot scurfpea
Psoralea esculenta

May-Jul

False indigo
Amorpha fruticosa

May-Jun

Golden prairie clover
Dalea aurea

Jun-Sep

Groundplum milkvetch
Astragalus crassicarpus

Mar-Jun

Leadplant
Amorpha canescens

May-Aug

Prairie goldenpea
Thermopsis rhombifolia

Apr-Jun

Purple locoweed
Oxytropis lambertii

May-Aug

Slender locoweed
Oxytropis campestris

May-Jul

White prairie clover
Dalea candida

May-Aug

Wild licorice
Glycyrrhiza lepidota

May-Aug

Bellflower Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia

Jun-Sep

Borage False gromwell
Onosmodium molle

Apr-Jun

Cleft gromwell
Lithospermum incisum

Jun-Jul

Lanceleaf bluebells
Mertensia lanceolata

Apr-Jun

Buttercup Crowfoot, Buttercup
Ranunculus glaberrimus

Apr-Jun

Early wood buttercup
Ranunculus abortivus

Apr-Jun

Low larkspur
Delphinium bicolor

Apr-Jul

Pasqueflower
Anemone patens

Apr-Jun

Wild columbine
Aquilegia canadensis

May-Jun

Tall anemone
Anemone virginiana

Jun-Jul

Caper Rocky Mountain beeplant
Cleome serrulata

Jun-Aug

Cashew Poison ivy
Toxicodendron rydbergii

May-Sep

Skunkbush
Rhus aromatica

Apr-May

Currant Golden currant
Ribes odoratum

Apr-May

Cypress Common juniper
Juniperus communis

May-Jun

Evening Primrose Evening primrose
Oenothera biennis

Jul-Oct

Velvety gaura
Gaura parviflora

May-Oct

Prairie chickweed, Field chickweed
Cerastium arvense

Jun-Aug

Yellow evening primrose
Calylophus serrulatus

May-Sep

Figwort

Large beardtongue
Penstemon grandiflorus

Apr-Jul

Monkeyflower
Mimulus floribundus

May-Jul

Grape Virginia creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia

May-Jul

Woodbine
Parthenocissus vitacea

May-Jul

Heath Bearberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

May-Jul

Pinedrops
Pterospora andromedea

Jul-Sep

Honeysuckle Stinking elderberry
Sambucus racemosa

May-Jun

Western snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Jun-Aug

White coralberry
Symphoricarpos albus

Jun-Jul

Iris Rocky Mountain iris
Western blueflag
Iris missouriensis

Jun-Jul

Mountain blue-eyed grass
Sisyrinchium montanum

May-Jul

Lily Meadow Deathcamus, Grassy Deathcamas
Zigadenus venosus

May-Jul

Mountain lily
Leucocrinum montanum

Apr-Jun

Segolily
Calochortus nuttallii

Jul-Aug

Gunnison's mariposa lily
Calochortus gunnisonii

Jun-Aug

Spikenard
Smilacina stellata

May-Jun

Wild onion
Allium cernuum
A. geyeri

Jul-Aug

Wood lily
Lilium philadelphicum

Jul-Aug

Madder Catchweed bedstraw
Galium aparine

May-Aug

Northern bedstraw
Galium boreale

Jun-Sep

Sweetscented bedstraw
Galium triflorum

May-Sep

Milkweed Plains milkweed
Asclepias pumila

Jun-Sep

Milkwort White milkwort
Polygala alba

May-Aug

Whorled milkwort
Polygala verticillata

May-Oct

Mint Selfheal
Prunella vulgaris

May-Oct

Wild Bergamot, Horsemint, Beebalm
Monarda fistulosa

Jul-Aug

Mustard

Bitter cress
Cardamine pensylvanica

Apr-Jun

Dames rocket
Hesperis matronalis

May-Aug

Nightshade Common groundcherry
Physalis longifolia

May-Sep

Virginia groundcherry
Physalis virginiana

May-Sep

Oleaster Rabbitberry
Shepherdia canadensis

May-Jun

Parsley Cow parsnip
Heracleum sphondylium

May-Jul

Narrow-leaved musineon
Musineon tenuifolium

May-Jun

Pink Common chickweed
Stellaria media

Mar-Oct

Prairie chickweed, Field chickweed
Cerastium arvense

May-Jun

Mouse-ears
Cerostium vulgatum

Apr-Oct

Pine Ponderosa pine
Pinus ponderosa

May-Jun

Primrose Rock jasmine
Androsace occidentalis

Mar-Jun

Southern shootingstar
Podecatheon pulchellum

May-Jun

Rose Cinquefoil
Potentilla hippiana

Jun-Aug

Gland cinquefoil
Potentilla glandulosa

Jun-Aug

Prairie smoke
Geum triflorum

Apr-Jun

Red raspberry
Rubus idaeus

May-Jul

Tall cinquefoil
Potentilla arguta

Jun-Aug

White avens
Geum canadense

Apr-Jun

Spurge Carpetweed
Euphorbia strictospora

Jun-Oct

Leafy spurge Euphorbia esula

May-Sep

Sunflower Canada thistle
Cirsium arvense

Jun-Aug

Canada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis

Jul-Sep

Fleabane
Erigeron subtrinervis

Jul-Aug

Wavyleaf False-dandelion
Microseris cuspidata

Apr-May

Pearly everlasting
Anaphalis margaritacea

Jul-Oct

Pink pussytoes
Antennaria microphylla

May-Jul

Prairie goldenrod
Solidago missouriensis

Jul-Oct

Stemless Hymenoxys, Butte Marigold
Hymemoxys acaulis, (Tetraneuris acaulis)

May-Aug

Prickly lettuce
Lactuca serriola

Jun-Sep

Pussytoes
Antennaria parvifolia

May-Jul

Spotted joe-pye weed
Eupatorium maculatum

Jul-Sep

Three-nerve fleabane
Erigeron subtrinervis

Jul-Aug

Western yarrow
Achillea millefolium

May-Oct

Verbena Blue vervain
Verbena hastata

Jun-Oct

Lopseed
Phryma leptostachya

Jun-Sep

Violet Canada violet
Viola canadensis

May-Aug

Downy yellow violet
Viola pubescens

Mar-Jun

Waterleaf Waterpod
Ellisia nyctelea

May-Jul

Did You Know?

Natural Entrance of Wind Cave

Winds caused by changes in barometric pressure are what give Wind Cave its name. These winds have been measured at the cave's walk-in entrance at over 70 mph. The winds at the natural entrance of the cave attracted the attention of Native Americans and early settlers.