• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Wildflowers - Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflower - Echinacea angustifolia
Purple Coneflower - Echinacea angustifolia
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NPS Photo
 
Stiff, hairy stem 1 to 2 feet tall topped by a spiky, dark-brown flower head disk with pink-purple petals. The root of this plant was the most important medicine for many Plains Indians tribes. When chewed or mashed and applied like a paste, its properties are that of a local anesthetic, which led to its use for treating snakebites, burns, toothache, arthritis, measles, sore muscles, and more. Echinacea products are sold in stores today as boosts to the immune system. Popularity of this herbal medicine has, unfortunately, led to a drastic reduction in remaining wild stands of this plant.

Did You Know?

American bison on the Wind Cave National Park prairie

The American bison is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. Male bison can weigh a ton and can run 35 miles per hour. Do not approach bison. They weigh more and can outrun you. More...