• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Seed Study - Species Table

For information on seed collection and processing or seedling identification of a species, click on the symbol in the appropriate column. If there is no symbol, we do not have that information for that species. A description of our seed collection and processing effort, including definitions of terms used for individual species entries, can be found here.
 

Species

Common Name

Origin

Growth Form

Seed Collection and Processing

Seedling Identification

Achillea millefolium common yarrow

native

forb

X

X

Amaranthus blitoides (Amaranthus graecizans) prostrate pigweed

exotic

forb

X

Ambrosia psilostachya western ragweed

native

forb

X

Amorpha canescens lead plant

native

shrub

X

X

Andropogon gerardii big bluestem

native

grass

X

X

Anemone cylindrica thimbleweed

native

forb

X

X

Aristida purpurea red three-awn

native

grass

X

X

Artemisia frigida fringed sagewort

native

subshrub

X

X

Artemisia ludoviciana white sage; man sage

native

forb

X

X

Asclepias speciosa showy milkweed

native

forb

X

X

Bouteloua curtipendula sideoats grama

native

grass

X

X

Bouteloua gracilis blue grama

native

grass

X

X

Bouteloua hirsuta hairy grama

native

grass

X

X

Brickellia eupatorioides (Kuhnia eupatorioides) false boneset

native

forb

X

X

Calylophus serrulatus yellow evening primrose

native

forb

X

Chamaesyce glyptosperma (Euphorbia glyptosperma) ribseed sandmat

native

forb

X

Chamaesyce stictospora (Euphorbia stictospora) slimseed sandmat

native

forb

X

Chenopodium spp. common lambsquarters; arid land goosefoot

exotic, native

forb

X

Cirsium undulatum wavyleaf thistle

native

forb

X

X

Convolvulus arvensis field bindweed

exotic

forb

X

Cynoglossum officinale houndstongue

exotic

forb

X

Dalea purpurea (Petalostemon purpureus) purple prairie clover

native

forb

X

Dichanthelium oligosanthes (Panicum oligosanthes) Scribner dichanthelium

native

grass

X

Dyssodia papposa fetid marigold

native

forb

X

X

Echinacea angustifolia purple coneflower

native

forb

X

X

Elymus elymoides (Sitanion hystrix) squirreltail

native

grass

X

X

Erysimum asperum western wallflower

native

forb

X

X

Euphorbia dentata toothed spurge

native

forb

X

Gaura coccinea scarlet gaura

native

forb

X

Glycyrrhiza lepidota wild licorice

native

forb

X

Grindelia squarrosa curlycup gumweed

native

forb

X

X

Gutierrezia sarothrae snakeweed

native

shrub

X

X

Helianthus annuus common sunflower

native

forb

X

X

Hesperostipa comata (Stipa comata) needle-and-thread

native

grass

X

X

Heterotheca villosa (Chrysopsis villosa)

hairy false golden-aster

native

forb

X

X

Ipomoea leptophylla bush morning-glory

native

forb

X

X

Koeleria macrantha (Koeleria pyramidata) Junegrass

native

grass

X

X

Leonurus cardiaca motherwort

exotic

forb

X

Liatris punctata dotted blazing star; dotted gayfeather

native

forb

X

X

Lithospermum incisum narrowlead gromwell

native

forb

X

X

Marrubium vulgare white horehound

exotic

forb

X

Mirabilis linearis narrow leaf four o'clock

native

forb

X

Monarda fistulosa wild bergamot, bee balm

native

forb

X

X

Nassella viridula (Stipa viridula) green needlegrass

native

grass

X

X

Oligoneuron rigidum (Solidago rigida) stiff goldenrod

native

forb

X

Onopordum acanthium scotch thistle

exotic

forb

X

Onosmodium bejariense (Onosmodium molle) false gromwell

native

forb

X

X

Opuntia sp. prickly pear

native

cactus

X

Pascopyrum smithii (Agropyron smithii) western wheatgrass

native

grass

X

X

Penstemon grandiflorus large beardtongue

native

forb

X

X

Plantago patagonica woolly plantain; Indian wheat

native

forb

X

X

Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass

exotic

grass

X

Polygonum convolvulus Black bindweed

exotic

forb

X

Potentilla pensylvanica Pennsylvania cinquefoil; prairie cinquefoil

native

forb

X

Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Psoralea tenuiflora) slimflower scurfpea; wild alfalfa

native

forb

X

X

Ratibida columnifera prairie coneflower

native

forb

X

X

Rosa arkansana prairie wild rose

native

shrub

X

X

 

Species

Common Name

Origin

Growth Form

Seed Collection and Processing

Seedling Identification

Salvia reflexa lance leaf sage

native

forb

X

Schedonnardus paniculatus tumblegrass

native

grass

X

Schizachyrium scoparium(Andropogon scoparius) little bluestem

native

grass

X

X

Sisymbrium altissimum tumble mustard; Jim Hill mustard

exotic

forb

X

Solanum rostratum buffalobur

native

forb

X

Solanum triflorum cutleaf nightshade

native

forb

X

Solidago missouriensis prairie goldenrod

native

forb

X

Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod

native

forb

X

Sphaeralcea coccinea scarlet globemallow

native

forb

X

Sporobolus cryptandrus sand dropseed

native

grass

X

X

Symphoricarpos occidentalis western snowberry; buckbrush

native

shrub

X

X

Symphyotrichum ericoides (Aster ericoides) heath aster

native

forb

X

X

Trifolium repens white clover

exotic

forb

X

Verbascum thapsus common mullein

exotic

forb

X

Verbena bracteata prostrate vervain

native

forb

X

X

Verbene stricta hoary vervain

native

forb

X

X

Did You Know?

Prairie Dog Barking

Lewis and Clark, while on their journey up the Missouri River in 1804, noted that this "wild dog of the prairie...appears here in infinite numbers." More...