• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Seed Study - Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa - Bee Balm, Horse Mint, Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa - Bee Balm, Horse Mint, Wild Bergamot

NPS Photo

Species: Monarda fistulosa
Common names: bee balm, horse mint, wild bergamot

Seedling Identification: Easily confused with another mint, Salvia reflexa, this species is gray green in color and Salvia is bright green. Monarda fistulosa has distinctive triangular shaped, notched, cotyledons that are thickened and leathery. The first true leaves to emerge are rounded at the tips, finely pubescent and prominently veined. Later leaves are very serrate and pointed at the tip.


Monarda fistulosa – bee balm, horse mint
Average number of good seeds per gram bulk matter: n.m.
Average number of good seeds per gram cleaned: 3279
Commercial estimates of seeds per gram: 3302
Percent seed: 11
Percent live: n.m.
Collection dates: September 1 and 2
Collection effort: 2 grams in 2 person hours
Collection notes: Abundant and easy to collect.
Cleaning notes: The clean seed measurement was pure seed as far as we could tell, although there may have been a few that were empty or insect damaged. Fingernail test seemed to destroy good seed.

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