• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

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  • Trail Closure Information

    The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.

  • Temporary Road Closure Information

    Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.

Non-Native Plants

Common Name Scientific Name
Family

Life Form

Growth

Origin

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa
Fabaceae (Bean)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Alyssum
(Desert Madwort)
Alyssum desertorum Stapf.
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Alyssum, Pale
(Pale Madwort)
Alyssum alyssoides
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Apple, Crab

Pyrus ioensis
Rosaceae (Rose)

Tree

Perennial

Asparagus, Garden Asparagus officinalis
Liliaceae (Lily)

Forb

Perennial

Barnyardgrass Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv.
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Eurasia

Black Medic Medicago lupulina (L.)
Fabaceae (Bean)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Bluegrass, Canadian Poa compressa
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Bluegrass, Kentucky Poa pratensis
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Europe

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Brome, Downy
(Cheatgrass)
Bromus tectorum
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe
Mediterranean

Brome, Japanese Bromus japonicus
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Brome, Meadow Bromus commutatus Schrad.
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Brome, Smooth Bromus inermis
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Bindweed, Field Convolvulus arvensis
Convolvulaceae (Morning glory)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Buckthorn, Common

Rhamnus cathartica L.
Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Buckwheat, wild (climbing) Polygonum convolvulus
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Burdock

Arctium minus
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Biennial

Europe

Buttercup Bur Ranunculus testiculatus
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Buttercup, Tall Ranunculus acris
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Campion, Bladder Silene vulgaris
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Campion, White Silene pratensis
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Perennial
Biennial

Europe

Carrot, Wild

Daucus carota
Apiaceae (Parsley)

Forb

Biennial

Europe

Catnip

Nepeta cataria
Lamiaceae (Mint)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Chickweed, Big
(mouse-ear)

Cerastium vulgatum L.
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Chickweed, field
(prairie)
Cerastium arvense
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Perennial

?

Clover, rabbitfoot
(crimson)

Trifolium incarnatum
Fabaceae (Bean)

Forb

Annual

Europe
Mediterranean

Corn gromwell Lithospermum arvense
Boraginaceae (Borage)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Cowcockle Vaccaria pyramidata
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Creeping Bellflower Campanula rapunculoides
Campanulaceae (Bluebell)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Daisy, Engelmann's Engelmannia pinnatifida
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

?

Dames Rocket Hesperis matronalis
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Biennial

Europe
Mediterranean

Dandelion, Common Taraxacum officinale
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Deptford pink Dianthus armeria L.
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)

Forb

Annual or Biennial

Europe

Dock, Curly

Rumex crispus
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Elm, Siberian Ulmus pumila
Ulmaceae (Elm)

Tree

Perennial

Asia

Falseflax, littlepod
(small-seeded)
Camelina microcarpa DC.
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Flax, Blue Linum perenne
Linaceae (Flax)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia (?)

Flixweed Descurainia sophia
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Foxtail, Green Setaria viridis
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Geranium, small Geranium pusillum L.
Balsaminaceae (Touch-Me-Not)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Gooseberry, Currant

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Grossulariaceae (Currant)

Shrub

Annual

?

Hairy Nightshade Solanum sarrachoides (Nightshade) Forb

Annual

South America

Hemlock, Poison Conium maculatum
Apiaceae (Parsley)

Forb

Biennial

Eurasia
Africa

Hempnettle, Splitlip

Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
Lamiaceae (Mint)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Henbane, Black Hyoscamus niger
Solanaceae (Nightshade)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Europe

Hogweed, Little
(Common Purslane)
Portulaca oleracea L.
Portulacaceae (Purslane)

Forb

Annual
Perennial

Asia

Hollyhock Althaea rosea
Malvaceae (Mallow)

Forb

Perennial
Biennial

Eurasia

Hops, Common

Humulus lupulus
Cannabaceae (Hemp)

Forb

Perennial

Asia

Horehound

Marrubium vulgare
Lamiaceae (Mint)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Hound's tongue Cynoglossum officinale
Boraginaceae (Borage)

Forb

Biennial

Europe

Knapweed, Russian Centaurea repens
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Knapweed, Spotted Centaurea maculosa
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial
Biennial

Eurasia

Kochia
Mexican Firebush

Kochia scoparia
Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Lamb's quarters

Chenopodium album
Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Lettuce, Prickly

Lactuca serriola L.
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Lilac, Common Syringa vulgaris
Oleaceae (Olive)

Shrub

Perennial

Mediterranean (?)

Lopseed, American Phryma leptostachys L.
Verbenaceae (Vervain)

Forb

Perennial

?

Matrimony Vine Lycium barbarum L.
(Potato)

Shrub

Eurasia

Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca
Lamiaceae (Mint)

Forb

Perennial
Biennial

Eurasia

Mullein, Common Verbascum thapsus
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)

Forb

Biennial

Europe

Mustard, Blue Chorispora tenella
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia
Asia

Mustard, Tumbling Sisymbrium altissimus
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Nightshade, viscid (hairy) Solanum sarrachoides
Solanaceae (Potato or Nightshade)

Forb

Annual

South America

Olive, Russian Elaeagnus angustifolia
Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster)

Shrub
Small Tree

Perennial

Eurasia

Orchard Grass Dactylis glomerata
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Europe
Asia

Pennycress, Field Thlaspi arvense
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Europe

Peppergrass, Field Lepidium campestre
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Europe

Peppergrass, Clasping

Lepidium perfoliatum
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Pigweed, Rough
(Redroot)

Amaranthus retroflexus
Amaranthaceae (Pigweed)

Forb

Annual

?

Pimpernel, Scarlet
(Poorman's Weatherglass)
Anagallis arvensis L.
Primulaceae (Primrose)

Forb

Annual
Perennial

Eurasia

Plantain, Common Plantago major
Plantaginaceae (Plantain)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Quackgrass Agropyron repens
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Europe
Asia

Sage, Azure blue Salvia azurea Michx. Ex Lam
Lamiaceae (Mint)

Forb

Perennial

?

Salsify, Meadow Tragopogon pratensis L.
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Biennial
Perennial

Eurasia

Salsify, Western
(Goat's beard)

Tragopogon dubius
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial
Biennial

Eurasia

Shepherd's Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Europe

Sowthistle, Field
(Perennial)
Sonchus arvensis
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Sowthistle, Prickly Sonchus asper
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Annual

Europe

Speedwell, corn

Veronica arvensis
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Spurge, Leafy Euphorbia esula
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Stinkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis (All.)
Lut.ex Janchen
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Annual

Europe

Sweetclover, White Melilotus alba
Fabacceae (Bean)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Eurasia

Sweetclover, Yellow Melilotus officinalis
Fabacceae (Bean)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Eurasia

Tansy, Common Tanacetum vulgare
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Teasel Dipsacus sylvestris
Dipsacaceae (Teasel)

Forb

Biennial

Europe

Thistle, Bull

Cirsium vulgare
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Biennial

Europe
Eurasia

Thistle, Canada Cirsium arvense
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia
Africa

Thistle, Musk Carduus nutans
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Annual
Biennial

Eurasia

Thistle, Russian
(Tumbleweed)
Salsola iberica
Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot)

Forb

Annual

Eurasia

Thistle, Scotch Onopordum acanthium
Asteraceae (Sunflower)

Forb

Biennial

Eurasia

Timothy, Common

Phleum pratense
Poaceae (Grass)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Toadflax, Dalmation Linaria dalmatica
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)

Forb

Perennial

Europe

Toadflax, Yellow
(Butter and Eggs)

Linaria vulgaris
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)

Forb

Perennial

Eurasia

Wheatgrass, Crested Agropyron cristatum
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Russia

Wheatgrass,
Intermediate
Agropyron intermedium
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Europe

Wheatgrass,
Tall

Agropyron elongatum
Poaceae (Grass)

Grass

Perennial

Mediterranean

Did You Know?

American bison on the Wind Cave National Park prairie

The American bison is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. Male bison can weigh a ton and can run 35 miles per hour. Do not approach bison. They weigh more and can outrun you. More...